The Rooikat (Afrikaans for “Caracal”; literally “Red cat”) is a South African armored reconnaissance vehicle equipped with a stabilized 76mm high velocity gun for organic anti-tank and fire support purposes. It is capable of giving the same performance and using the same ammunition as the Oto Melara 76 naval gun, albeit with new percussion primers.
Development of the Rooikat (African Lynx) tank destroyer began in South African Republic in 1976. Production of this armored vehicle began in 1989. Around 240 of these tank destroyers were built. These replaced the ageing Eland armored cars in service with the South African National Defense Force (SANDF).