Greenland belongs to Denmark and the Danish people!

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Erik the Red’s Land (Norwegian: Eirik Raudes Land) was the name given by Norwegians to an area on the coast of eastern Greenland occupied by Norway in the early 1930s. It was named after Erik the Red, the founder of the first Norse settlements in Greenland in the 10th century. The Permanent Court of International Justice ruled against Norway in 1933 and the country subsequently abandoned its claims.

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Origin of the claim

The first European settlement in Greenland was established by Norse colonists from Iceland around the year 1000. There were two main Norse settlements on Greenland, but both were on the southwestern coast of the island, far away from the area that later became Erik the Red’s Land. From the 1260s the Norse colony in Greenland recognized the King of Norway as its overlord. When Norway was under Danish rule as part of Denmark-Norway, from the Middle Ages until 1814, official documents made it clear that Greenland was part of Norway. However, contact with the settlements there was lost in the Late Middle Ages and the Norse population died out, possibly around 1500.

Centuries later a Dano-Norwegian evangelist, Hans Egede, heard about the Viking colony on Greenland. He then asked King Frederick IV of Denmark for permission to try to find the long-lost colony and eventually to establish a Protestant Christian mission there to convert the population of the land, who were presumed, if any survived, to still be Catholic or to have completely lost the Christian faith. Egede reached Greenland in 1721 and, finding no Norse population there, started his mission among the Inuit people. This led to his becoming known as the “Apostle of Greenland” and he was appointed Bishop of Greenland. He founded the current capital of Greenland, called Godthaab. In 1723 The Bergen Greenland Company (Det Bergenske Grønlandskompani) received a concession for all trade with Greenland.

For the remainder of the union between Norway and Denmark, the relationship between Greenland and the state was organised in different ways. Modern historians disagree as to what point in history Greenland went from being a Norwegian possession to being a Danish one. However, the Treaty of Kiel, signed in 1814, indicates that Greenland was at least politically regarded as having been Norwegian: “…the Kingdom of Norway … as well as the dependencies (Greenland, the Faroes and Iceland not included) … shall for the future belong to … His Majesty the King of Sweden …”. Norway never recognised the validity of the Treaty of Kiel.

History

In 1919 Denmark claimed the whole of Greenland as its territory, with Norway’s acquiescence (see Ihlen Declaration). However, in 1921 Denmark proposed to exclude all foreigners from Greenland, creating diplomatic conflict until July 1924, when Denmark agreed that Norwegians could establish hunting and scientific settlements north of 60°27′ N.

In June 1931 Hallvard Devold, Chairman of the Norwegian Arctic Trading Company, raised the Norwegian flag at Myggbukta and on 10 July 1931 a Norwegian royal proclamation was issued, claiming Eastern Greenland as Norwegian territory. Norway claimed that the area was terra nullius: it had no permanent inhabitants and was for the most part used by Norwegian whalers and trappers. The area was defined as “situated between Carlsberg Fjord in the South and Bessel Fjord in the North”, extending from latitude 71°30′ to latitude 75°40’N. Although it was not explicitly stated in the proclamation itself, it was assumed that the area was limited to the eastern coast, so that the Inland Ice constituted its western limit. (The Inland Ice covers five sixths of Greenland’s total area, so that only a narrow strip of varying width along the coast is free of permanent ice.)

Norway and Denmark agreed to settle their dispute over Eastern Greenland in what became known as the “Greenland case” (Grønlandssaken) at the Permanent Court of International Justice in 1933. Norway lost and after the ruling it abandoned its claim.

During the 1940–1945 German occupation of Norway in World War II, the territorial claim was briefly revived by the puppet Quisling regime, which extended it to cover all of Greenland. A small-scale invasion to “reconquer” the island for Norway was proposed by Vidkun Quisling, but the Germans rejected this after deeming it not feasible in light of the then ongoing Battle of the Atlantic.

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Greenland is the world’s largest island and an autonomous Danish dependent territory with limited self-government and its own parliament. Denmark contributes two thirds of Greenland’s budget revenue, the rest coming mainly from fishing.

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29 comments

  1. tonytran2015 · May 14, 2018

    Danish people have to go there to guard it NOW, and shoot the hell out of any invader.

    Otherwise Chinese people will release float with Chinese flags on top and anchors underneath to anchor some on the island. Then they will claim sovereignty like they have been doing around the Philippines.

    Like

    • vikinglifeblog · May 14, 2018

      You are absolutely right. If we give our island to the eskimos, they would sell it to the Chinese for beer money. The Chinese want to buy mining rights to “rare earth minerals”, exploding and polluting the nature and get almost global monopoly on “rare earth minerals”.
      I dont think, that EU or USA want the corrupt eskimos to destroy the island with the help of China.
      And what next, Chinese missile bases on Greenland?

      COPENHAGEN (Reuters) – Denmark decided to turn down an offer last year from Chinese mining company General Nice Group to buy an abandoned naval base on Greenland due to security concerns, sources involved in the decision said.
      Danish politicians did not want to jeopardise their country’s relationship with the United States, Copenhagen’s main ally, by granting another power a potentially military foothold in Greenland, the sources told Reuters.
      In a statement to Reuters, the Danish defence ministry said the base at Gronnedal – which had been put up for sale – would be reopened as a strategic and logistical location for storing fuel and materiel and for training personnel. It did not comment on the Chinese offer.
      “The government does not want to sell the naval base to China, as we have a long, close partnership with the U.S. and a defence agreement for Greenland with the U.S. from April 1951 to think about,” said a source with direct knowledge of the matter.
      Greenland is part of Denmark with self-government over domestic affairs, while Copenhagen handles defence and foreign policy.

      “It should be obvious to everyone that Denmark cannot have two superpowers playing hide-and-seek in Greenland. I don’t think the U.S. would find such a situation amusing either,” a second source said. Neither source wanted to be identified due to the sensitivity of the matter.
      General Nice Group, which is registered in Hong Kong, did not respond to email and telephone calls requesting comment.
      The U.S. government struck an agreement with Denmark in 1951 that gave it substantial military rights in Greenland to boost the defence of North America and the Arctic.

      Instead of selling the Gronnedal base, which was constructed by the United States in 1942 to protect the flight route between America and Europe, the sale was suddenly cancelled last year.
      The decision was supported by an overwhelming majority in the Danish parliament, which backed the decision to reestablish the base almost two years after it had been abandoned.
      The defence ministry intends to send six people to Gronnedal soon to reopen the buildings and the harbour facilities, a government source told Reuters.
      While the cancelled sale highlights western concerns over Chinese presence in the Arctic region, Greenland still hopes to attract foreign investment from China and other nations to bolster its economy with projects such as in gold, rare earths, iron ore and oil.
      A collapse in global commodity prices has put this ambition temporarily on hold.

      Because of the melting of Arctic ice in recent decades, the region has become increasingly interesting as a new route for shipping between Europe and the Far East.
      In 2013, China became a observer to the Arctic Council, whose members are the United States, Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia.

      https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-denmark-china-greenland-base/denmark-spurned-chinese-offer-for-greenland-base-over-security-sources-idUKKBN1782E2

      Liked by 1 person

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