Raketenjagdpanzer (missile armed tank hunter) is the designation of a range of German dedicated tank destroyers equipped with anti-tank guided missiles. Four different Raketenjagdpanzer have been used so far:
-Raketenjagdpanzer 3 Jaguar 1
-Raketenjagdpanzer 4 Jaguar 2
An infantry fighting vehicle with ATGMs for a secondary anti-tank role like a Marder with a MILAN-launcher is not considered a Raketenjagdpanzer.
The Raketenjagdpanzer 1 is an anti-tank guided missile-armed tank destroyer (the first such vehicle in service with the West German Armed Forces) that entered service in 1961. It was built on the chassis of the Hispano-Suiza HS.30, which was also used on the Schützenpanzer SPz 12-3, and armed with twin French SS.11 antitank guided missile launchers. Only one of the missile launchers is visible from the outside at any time, however, as the other is retracted into the hull to be reloaded when the first is ready to fire.
The Raketenjagdpanzer 2 or Raketenjagdpanzer SS-11 was a German tank destroyer employed from 1967 to 1982 and equipped with Nord SS.11 guided anti tank missiles. It was developed at the same time as the Kanonenjagdpanzer and the Marder, and shares a similar chassis with them.
Was the Jaguar the Hetzer of the Cold War? The Jaguar was a dedicated anti-tank tank carrying anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) of the Bundeswehr. In this video, Dr. Jens Wehner of the Military History Museum of the Bundeswehr in Dresden and I talk about the Jaguar, the Raketenjagdpanzer and the Kanonenjagdpanzer and why they were quite unique. Additionally, we also take about the influences of the Wehrmacht on Cold War equipment.