Ghetto is a term used by Danish authorities and media to describe districts with social problems, and which have majority populations of non-Western ethnicities. A list of districts, Ghettolisten, is published by the Danish Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing.
There are 5 criteria and at least three have to be fulfilled for a district to be included on the list:
- The share of inhabitants aged 18–64 neither in employment nor education is higher than 40%, as an average over the span of 2 years.
- The share of immigrants and their descendants from non-Western countries is higher than 50%.
- The share of inhabitants aged 18 and over convicted for infractions against the penal law, weapons law or drug regulations is greater than 2.7%, as an average over the span of 2 years.
- The share of inhabitants of aged 30–59 with only primary education or less, is greater than 50%.
- The average gross income for inhabitants aged 18–64 excluding those in education is less than 55% of the average gross income for the region in question.
In 2017, no area fulfilled all five criteria while four districts fulfilled four criteria, these were Mjølnerparken in Copenhagen, Gadehavegård in Høje-Taastrup, Vollsmose in Odense and Gellerupparken/Toveshøj in Aarhus.