Chris sits down with Ian Easton to discuss China’s plans to invade Taiwan. Will there be only one China?
During the 1990s, there was a diplomatic tug of war in which the PRC and ROC attempted to outbid each other to obtain the diplomatic support of small nations. This struggle seems to have slowed as a result of the PRC’s growing economic power and doubts in Taiwan as to whether this aid was actually in the Republic of China’s interest. In March 2004, Dominica switched recognition to the PRC in exchange for a large aid package. However, in late 2004, Vanuatu briefly switched recognition from Beijing to Taipei, followed by a return to its recognition of Beijing. On 20 January 2005, Grenada switched its recognition from Taipei to Beijing, in return for millions in aid (US$1,500 for every Grenadian). However, on 14 May 2005, Nauru announced the restoration of formal diplomatic relations with Taipei after a three-year hiatus, during which it briefly recognized the People’s Republic of China.
On 26 October 2005, Senegal broke off relations with the Republic of China and established diplomatic contacts with Beijing. The following year, on 5 August 2006, Taipei ended relations with Chad when Chad established relations with Beijing. On 26 April 2007, however, Saint Lucia, which had previously severed ties with the Republic of China following a change of government in December 1996, announced the restoration of formal diplomatic relations with Taipei. On 7 June 2007, Costa Rica broke off diplomatic ties with the Republic of China in favour of the People’s Republic of China. In January 2008 Malawi’s foreign minister reported Malawi decided to cut diplomatic recognition of the Republic of China and recognize the People’s Republic of China.
The latest country to break off formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan was Burkina Faso on 24 May 2018. On 4 November 2013, the Government of Gambia announced its break up with Taiwan, but the Foreign Affairs Ministry of China denied any ties with this political movement, adding that they weren’t considering on building a relation with this African nation.
Currently, the countries who maintain formal diplomatic relations with the ROC are: