Fregatten Jylland

Fregatten Jylland total.jpg

Jylland is one of the world’s largest wooden warships, and is both a screw-propelled steam frigate and a sailship. She took part in the Battle of Heligoland on 9 May 1864, and is preserved as a museum ship in Denmark.

She was built for the Danish Navy in 1860 as a screw-driven warship with a wooden hull.

During the Second War of Schleswig in 1864, she participated in the naval action against the Austrian-Prussian fleet in the Battle of Heligoland on 9 May 1864. Jylland along with Niels Juel and Heimdall bested two Austrian frigates and three small Prussian gunboats, but was unable to maintain the blockade of the Prussian North Sea ports. Jylland sustained considerable damage during the battle.

In the 1890s she was reduced to stationary use and barely escaped scrapping in 1908. She served as a barracks and training ship between 1892 and 1908. It was, however, decided to preserve her and she was towed to Ebeltoft in 1960. The hulked frigate further deteriorated until she was placed in dry dock in 1984. Restoration proved to be a major task; over 60% of the timber had to be replaced in addition to the rigging, armament, engines and loose gear.

In Danish, she is known as simply Fregatten Jylland, although several ships have used this name. The restoration efforts were completed in 1994 and she is on permanent display in dry dock at the town of Ebeltoft, Denmark. A commemorative coin was issued by the National Bank of Denmark. 

Jylland is the last surviving screw frigate.

Class and type: Niels Juel-class sail- and screw propelled steam frigate
Tons burthen: 2456 tons
Length: 71 m (233 ft)
Beam: 13.5 m (44 ft)
Draft: 6 m (20 ft)
Propulsion:
  • 1300 indicated hp (400 kW nomincal) Baumgarten & Burmeister steam engine
  • 1-shaft with a folding helix
Sail plan: square-rigged ship
Speed:
  • 11 kn (20 km/h) on steam
  • 12 kn (22 km/h) on sail
Complement: 405–437
Armament:
  • As built:
  • 30 × 30-pounder 50 Cnt. Guns
  • 14 × 30-pounder 40 Cnt. Guns
  • In 1864:
  • 32 × 30-pounder guns
  • 8 × 18-pounder rifled guns
  • 4 × 12-pounder rifled guns
  • Later:
  • 20 × 6″” 50 Cnt. Muzzle Loading Guns
  • 6 × 5″” 28 Cnt. Breech Loading Guns
  • 6 × Revolver Guns
  • 1 × 37 mm Breech Loading Guns
  • 1 × Mitrailleuse

Fregatten Jylland in Ebeltoft in 1978

Source

Holsten Gate in Lübeck

Schleswig, Holstein, and Lauenburg

The Epic Gunboat War

Danish Sea Heroes?

Denmark and more Denmark

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