Reichsbürgerbewegung

Reichsbürgerbewegung (“Reich Citizens’ Movement”) or Reichsbürger (“Reich Citizens”) is a label for several groups and individuals in Germany and elsewhere who reject the legitimacy of the modern German state, the Federal Republic of Germany. 

They maintain that the German Reich (or, occasionally, Prussia) continues to exist in its pre-World War II borders, and that it is governed by a Kommissarische Reichsregierung (KRR, Provisional Reich Government), or Exilregierung (“government in exile“). There are a number of competing KRRs, each claiming to govern all of Germany.

Arguments 

The self-described Reichsbürger (“Reich citizens”) maintain that the Federal Republic of Germany is illegitimate and that the Reich’s 1919 Weimar Constitution remains in effect. Most of their arguments are based on a selective reading of a 1973 decision of the Federal Constitutional Court concerning the Basic Treaty between West and East Germany. The judgement held that the 1949 Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz) itself assumes that the Reich, as a subject of international law, despite the German Instrument of Surrender and the Allied occupation, had survived the collapse of Nazi Germany, but is incapable of acting as a state because it lacks any organization, such as governmental authorities. 

The Reichsbürger do not, however, cite the Court’s further holding that the Federal Republic is not a successor state to the Reich, but, as a West German state at that time partially, and today—since 1990—fully identical to it. Instead they claim to have restored the governmental bodies of the German Reich and to be capable of acting on the basis of the Weimar Constitution.

History 

The original Kommissarische Reichsregierung was founded in 1985 by Wolfgang Gerhard Guenter Ebel, a former Reichsbahn traffic superintendent in West Berlin. Ebel, who appointed himself Reich Chancellor, claimed to be acting on the authority of the Allied occupation authorities. Some of the members of his “cabinet” later fell out with Ebel, and established provisional governments of their own with names such as Exilregierung Deutsches Reich or Deutsches Reich AG (the latter being based in Nevada, USA).

KRRs engage in activities such as issuing currency and stamps, as well as promoting themselves through the Internet and other media. Where the number of their adherents allows, they also emulate the “re-established” institutions, such as courts or parliaments, of the Weimar Republic or of earlier German states. A restored Reichstag temporarily existed as well as several Reich Ministers, state governments, and a Reichsgericht.

Membership 

In April 2018, German authorities said that membership had grown by 80% over the past two years, more than estimated earlier. Germany’s domestic intelligence service, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV), estimated that there were about 18,000 people who supported the far-right Reichsbürger movement, the largest number of supporters, about 3,500 Reichsbürger members, being in Bavaria, it was also reported that they were trying to build an army. 

Activities 

As of 2009, there was no reliable count of the number of KRRs then existing, but the KRR FAQ, an online registry maintained by a German jurist, lists some 60 persons or organizations associated with operating competing KRRs. Several (though by no means all) KRRs have links to far-right extremist or “neo-Nazi” groups, and are under observation by the German Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution.

Some KRRs are ready to issue, for a fee, “official” documents such as building permits, and driving licences, which their adherents or gullible citizens may attempt to use in everyday life. In one instance, Wolfgang Ebel’s KRR issued an “excavation permit” to the Principality of Sealand (a micronation), who then had men dig up a plot of land in the Harz region in search of the Amber Room for two weeks, until the landowner hired a private security service to drive them off. Similarly, in 2002 Ebel’s KRR “sold” the Hakeburg [de], a manor in Kleinmachnow south of the Berlin city limits that had been owned by the German Reichspost (and therefore, according to Ebel, by his KRR) to one of the two competing governments of Sealand, thus creating, in their view, an enclave of Sealand in Germany. 

KRR adherents have also on occasion refused to pay taxes or fines, arguing that the laws providing for such sanctions have no constitutional basis. In the ensuing judicial proceedings, they refuse to recognize the courts as legitimate. Some also pursue their activities abroad. In 2009, after Swiss authorities refused to recognize the “Reich Driving Licence” of a German KRR adherent, he unsuccessfully appealed the case up to the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland.  

Wolfgang Ebel’s original organization, in particular, continues to attempt enforcing its asserted authority through attempts at intimidation. According to Ebel, his “government” has issued more than 1,000 “arrest warrants” against people who have disregarded documents issued by the KRR. These warrants inform the addressee that, once the Reich Government is in power, they will be tried for high treason, for which the penalty is death. Ebel has also admitted owning a “government helicopter” painted in the national colours, but has denied using it for intimidating fly-overs. Several attempts to prosecute Ebel for threats, impersonating a public servant and so forth have failed because, according to German prosecutors, all courts have found him to be legally insane. 

On 22 May 2017, the Bundesverfassungsschutz (Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution; Germany’s federal domestic security agency) estimated the number of people affiliated with the movement at 12,600. The agency has been monitoring the group since November 2016, and the security services of individual states have been monitoring the activities of the group for longer. However, the heterogeneity of the movement, the division into many small groups that are often independent of one another, poses a difficulty for the states and federal government when estimating the number of active Reichsbürger. 

Interaction with law enforcement authorities 

On August 25, 2016, Adrian Ursache, a self-proclaimed Reichsbürger and former Mister Germany violently resisted the eviction of his house. The original eviction was scheduled for August 24, 2016, with the official justification for the eviction being the liquidity issues of his household. When the German police arrived on scene they encountered a group of around 120 people, who were staying on Ursache’s and his in-law’s property. To Ursache his property was part of the state of “Ur”, proclaimed by him. After the first eviction attempt failed, the German police returned with a special response team the day after. When the eviction started, Ursache began firing at them, lightly injuring two officers. Ursache was shot and rushed to a hospital. The trial for attempted murder began on October 9, 2017. 

On October 19, 2016, in Georgensgmünd near Nuremberg, a self-described Reichsbürger fired on a special response unit of the Bavarian Police when they attempted to confiscate his 31 firearms. Three police officers were injured. One of them later died from his injuries. The weapons confiscation followed the revocation of the alleged murderer’s firearms permit and his repeated refusal to co-operate with local authorities. German authorities expressed concern at the escalation in violence. The event attracted international attention. Bavarian ministers called for increased surveillance of the “right-wing extremist” movement. On October 23, 2017, Wolfgang P. was sentenced to imprisonment for life. 

There were renewed calls for more serious measures against the movement, including revocation of firearms permits and seizure of their weapons, following disciplinary action against police officers with alleged connections to the movement.  On October 27, 2016, a Bavarian police officer was suspended from his duties because of his connections to one of the Reichsbürger movements. There have been allegations of similar kind against other police officers in different states of Germany as well. 

List of Reichsbürger groups 

The numerous small groups and individuals making up the movement are mainly active in the states of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Bavaria. According to German authorities, there are a few hundred adherents in Germany, of which 150 to 200 are in Brandenburg. Most Reichsbürger are male, over 50 and socially disadvantaged; many adhere to right-wing, “anti-semitic” and “Nazi” ideologies. 

The following is a non-exhaustive list of KRRs that have received media coverage. 

From Wikipedia, so take it with a grain of salt.

Source

 

28 comments

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  2. tonytran2015 · March 31, 2019

    With every oppression there will be many attempts at rebellion.

    Having no oppression is the obvious solution.

    Liked by 1 person

    • vikinglifeblog · March 31, 2019

      I agree!
      I really liked:
      “Some KRRs are ready to issue, for a fee, “official” documents such as building permits, and driving licences”
      and
      “In 2009, after Swiss authorities refused to recognize the “Reich Driving Licence” of a German KRR adherent, he unsuccessfully appealed the case up to the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland.”
      That is high level trolling! 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

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  4. Seax · September 10, 2019

    These are most certainly interesting times.

    I must confess, I smile at the tax refusal bit. It is a sin, the perversities which the collective tax dollars of the Occident have gone to fund.

    Military abortions, cultural abominations, economic declination. And for what? A pat on the back, so that Globalists can all virtue signal at their dinner parties hosted in gated communities.

    Liked by 1 person

    • vikinglifeblog · September 10, 2019

      Good point(s) and I agree!

      We have had a “welfare state” here in Denmark all my life, and the service have in generale gone down. More children per teacher in school, higher retirement age, less cleaning for old people and pre-made frozen food at old-folks home, less militar, less border control, etc. but still world record tax level.

      We are being conquered by prams and we are paying for it!

      Liked by 1 person

      • Seax · September 10, 2019

        The best thing about globalism is you write Denmark, Scandinavia… But I read Denmark, Maine. I worked in the school system a few years.

        There’s nothing that hasn’t depreciated. The only real good is that I can use the net to find good souls… But the trade off is it’s hard to know your neighbors.

        Liked by 1 person

    • vikinglifeblog · September 10, 2019

      I did not know Denmark, Maine, Thank you.
      I knew of Denmark, Wisconsin, New Denmark, Wisconsin, Elk Horn, Iowa, Dannebrog, Nebraska and Solvang, California.

      Yes, you use a lot of words that I dont know or not so well. And I believe that I am pretty good at English, lol.

      “But the trade off is it’s hard to know your neighbors.”

      Sometiimes, that is not a bad thing. If you live in countryside, maybe. As you hinted at in “Momento Mori”, people might end up hating you, if they find out that you are “red pilled”.

      Liked by 1 person

      • Seax · September 10, 2019

        Your English is fine, better than most as is often the case with Continental Europeans. I read a lot of European literature as a kid, which had the fringe benefit of expanding my vocabulary. I like to think it balances the fact that my German is basic and poor.

        I have a dream, unlike MLK’s mine is the one where my future sons and daughters have a world worth inheriting, and one where they can be proud and unashamed of the hatred you mentioned. At any rate, I think I shall look forward to following your blog. You have a good sense of humour, and your use of memetics makes me smile.

    • vikinglifeblog · September 10, 2019

      Thank you, for the kind words.
      I had English and a couple of years of German in school. My German is awful, because I was just too tired of school at that time. Something I regret.
      TV, music, books and internet have all helped improved my English, but I still have to double check most of my spelling. Even though Danish, German and English are similar Germanic languages, they are still very different. Unlike Danish, Norwegian and to a lesser degree Swedish.

      I share that dream, too.
      Your blog is great and I like your writing. The post about dumbbells was nice. I think, it is good to have a wide range of topics. We need more than just “red pill/black pill” stuff, I post about German castles, Danish shipyards, survivalism and prepping, traning, etc., things that might be interesting and hopefully useful to others.
      It is also good to have someone who create content, instead of people who just copy-paste like myself.

      Liked by 1 person

      • Seax · September 10, 2019

        I can imagine your English would have had help from media. I relied heavily on Rammstein and self hating German films as a kid for that. As an adult I know they are pretty degenerate. I do confess that I have a small cache of fascinating 3R films whose artistry is wondrous.

        Yeah. Too much Black Pill makes you wanna meme yourself into nonexistence. I try to go back to religion and spirituality to recharge. Asatru was my first great love in that respect. And I like history, too. My own nonpolitical aspirations are my home gym, wood shop and preparing for my firstborn.

        Tomorrow I have scheduled to upload a post about Yggdrasil.

        Liked by 1 person

    • vikinglifeblog · September 11, 2019

      Maybe I should spend more time listen to Rammstein.

      As with most things in life, it is about finding the right balance. I stopped watching TV a few years ago.
      I only really deal with “red pill” stuff enough to post daily on this blog.

      I grew up with Asatru and thought it was a Nordic thing, until I found out it is Germanic/North-West European, too. It makes me happy, that more and more white people around the world looks to Asatru.
      We can even share Viking identity, because most Germanic/North-West Europeans are related.
      I like history, too.

      Congratulations on expecting a baby, that is great. The world needs more white people.

      I can’t brag about any woodshop skills, sadly. But I do have a home gym, home gym is fantastic. I have trained in “regular” gyms, but I cannot imagine ever doing that again.

      I am looking forward to your post on Yggdrasil.

      Liked by 1 person

      • Seax · September 11, 2019

        Thanks much. Let me know what you think when you get around to reading.

        Liked by 1 person

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