List of sovereign states and dependencies by total fertility rate and by median age

Map of countries by fertility rate (2018), according to CIA World Factbook

This is a list of all sovereign states and dependencies by total fertility rate (TFR): the expected number of children born per woman in her child-bearing years.

Country ranking by most recent year 

Country ranking by Intergovernmental organizations 

2017 List by the World Bank
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2017
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.0
2  Somalia 6.2
3  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 6.0
4  Mali 6.0
5  Chad 5.8
6  Angola 5.6
7  Burundi 5.5
8  Nigeria 5.5
9  Gambia, The 5.3
10  Burkina Faso 5.3
11  Uganda 5.1
12  Tanzania 5.0
13  Mozambique 4.9
14  Benin 4.9
15  Central African Republic 4.8
16  Guinea 4.8
17  South Sudan 4.8
18  Zambia 4.7
19  Cote d’Ivoire 4.7
20  Senegal 4.7
21  Cameroon 4.6
22  Afghanistan 4.6
23  Mauritania 4.6
24  Equatorial Guinea 4.6
25  Guinea-Bissau 4.6
26  Congo, Republic of the 4.5
27  Sudan 4.5
28  Solomon Islands 4.4
29  Liberia 4.4
30  Togo 4.4
31  Sao Tome and Principe 4.4
32  Sierra Leone 4.4
33  Ethiopia 4.3
34  Malawi 4.3
35  Comoros 4.3
36  Madagascar 4.1
37  Eritrea 4.1
38  Timor-Leste 4.1
39  Rwanda 4.1
40  Gabon 4.0
41  Ghana 3.9
42  Samoa 3.9
43  Yemen 3.9
44  Vanuatu 3.8
45  Iraq 3.8
46  Palestinian territories (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 3.7
47  Zimbabwe 3.7
48  Seychelles 3.6
49  Kiribati 3.6
50  Papua New Guinea 3.6
51  Tajikistan 3.6
52  Tonga 3.6
53  Kenya 3.6
54  Pakistan 3.6
55  Namibia 3.4
56  Egypt 3.4
57  Lesotho 3.2
58  Israel 3.1
59  Micronesia, Federated States of 3.1
60  Algeria 3.0
61  Eswatini (Swaziland) 3.0
62  Kyrgyzstan /  Kyrgyz Republic 3.0
63  Haiti 3.0
64  Oman 2.9
65  Guatemala 2.9
66  Mongolia 2.9
67  Botswana 2.9
68  Jordan 2.8
69  Syria /  Syrian Arab Republic 2.8
70  Turkmenistan 2.8
71  Fiji 2.8
72  Djibouti 2.8
73  Bolivia 2.8
74  Kazakhstan 2.7
75  Laos /  Lao People’s Democratic Republic 2.7
76  Philippines 2.6
77  Cambodia 2.5
78  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 2.5
79  Honduras 2.5
80  Panama 2.5
81  Guyana 2.5
82  Uzbekistan 2.5
83  Paraguay 2.5
84  Morocco 2.5
85  Ecuador 2.5
86  Suriname 2.4
87  Nicaragua 2.4
88  South Africa 2.4
89  Saudi Arabia 2.4
90  Dominican Republic 2.4
  World 2.4
91  Belize 2.3
92  Indonesia 2.3
93  Guam (US) 2.3
94  Cabo Verde 2.3
95  Venezuela /  Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 2.3
96  Libya 2.3
97  Argentina 2.3
98  Peru 2.3
99  India 2.2
100  Tunisia 2.2
101  Sri Lanka 2.2
102  Myanmar (Burma) 2.2
103  Mexico 2.2
104  Iran /  Iran, Islamic Republic of 2.1
105  Lebanon 2.1
106  Greenland (Denmark) 2.1
107  Kuwait 2.1
108  Grenada 2.1
109  Turkey 2.1
110  United States Virgin Islands (US) 2.1
111  Georgia 2.1
112  Bangladesh 2.1
113  El Salvador 2.1
  Population Replacement 2.1
114  Vietnam 2.0
115  Kosovo 2.0
116  Malaysia 2.0
117  Bahrain 2.0
118  Antigua and Barbuda 2.0
119  Bhutan 2.0
120  Jamaica 2.0
121  Uruguay 2.0
122  New Caledonia (France) 2.0
123    Nepal 2.0
124  French Polynesia (France) 2.0
125  France 1.9
126  St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.9
127  Korea, North 1.9
128  Maldives 1.9
129  Azerbaijan 1.9
130  Qatar 1.9
131  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.8
132  Brunei /  Brunei Darussalam 1.9
133  Sweden 1.9
134  Colombia 1.8
135  Ireland 1.8
136  New Zealand 1.8
137  Saint Martin (France) (French part) 1.8
138  Denmark 1.8
139  United Kingdom 1.8
140  Costa Rica 1.8
141  United States 1.8
142  Australia 1.8
143  Russia /  Russian Federation 1.8
144  Bahamas, The 1.8
145  Armenia 1.8
146  Iceland 1.7
147  Latvia 1.7
148  Trinidad and Tobago 1.7
149  Brazil 1.7
150  Montenegro 1.7
151  Norway 1.7
152  Lithuania 1.7
153  China 1.6
154  Belgium 1.7
155  Chile 1.7
156  Netherlands 1.7
157  Romania 1.6
158  Albania 1.6
159  Cuba 1.6
160  Czech Republic /  Czechia 1.6
161  Barbados 1.6
162  Liechtenstein 1.6
163  Bermuda (UK) 1.6
164  Estonia 1.6
165  Slovenia 1.6
166  Germany 1.6
167  Belarus 1.5
168   Switzerland 1.5
169  Bulgaria 1.5
170  Thailand 1.5
171  Austria 1.5
172  Hungary 1.5
173 Channel Islands –  Guernsey (UK) and  Jersey (UK) 1.5
174  North Macedonia 1.5
175  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.5
176  Canada 1.5
177  Finland 1.5
178  Slovak Republic /  Slovakia 1.5
179  Serbia 1.5
180  United Arab Emirates 1.4
181  St. Lucia 1.4
182  Mauritius 1.4
183  Japan 1.4
184  Croatia 1.4
185  Luxembourg 1.4
186  Poland 1.4
187  Greece 1.4
188  Ukraine 1.4
189  Malta 1.4
190  Portugal 1.4
191  Spain 1.3
192  Italy 1.3
193  Cyprus 1.3
194  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3
195  Moldova 1.3
196  Macau (China) 1.2
197  Singapore 1.2
198  Hong Kong (China) 1.1
199  Puerto Rico (US) 1.1
200  Korea, South 0.98
  World
World 2.4
  Major Regions
1 Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding high income) 4.8
2 Sub-Saharan Africa 4.8
3 Arab world 3.3
4 Middle East and North Africa (excluding high income) 2.9
5 Middle East and North Africa 2.8
6 South Asia 2.4
7 Latin America and Caribbean (excluding high income) 2.1
8 Latin America and Caribbean 2.0
9 Europe and Central Asia (excluding high income) 1.9
10 East Asia and Pacific (excluding high income) 1.9
11 East Asia and Pacific 1.8
12 Europe and Central Asia 1.8
13 North America 1.7
14 Central Europe and the Baltics 1.5
  States’ Size
1 Pacific Island small states 3.5
2 Other small states 3.1
3 Small states 2.9
4 Caribbean small states 2.0
  International Organizations
1 OECD members 1.7
2 European Union 1.6
  Security Situation
1 Fragile and conflict affected situations 4.3
  Economic Areas
1 Euro area 1.6
  Economic Situation
1 Heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) 4.8
2 Least Developed Countries: UN classification 4.1
  Income
1 Low income countries 4.6
2 Lower middle income countries 2.7
3 Low and middle income countries 2.6
4 Middle income countries 2.3
5 Upper middle income countries 1.9
6 High income countries 1.6
  Not Ranked (no data or data from other years)
1  American Samoa (US)
2  Andorra 1.3 (2010)
3  British Virgin Islands (UK)
4  Cayman Islands (UK)
5  Dominica 1.9 (2003)
6  French Guiana (France)
7  Gibraltar (UK)
8  Guadeloupe (France)
9  Isle of Man (UK) 1.6 (2002)
10  Marshall Islands 4.0 (2011)
11  Mayotte (France)
12  Monaco
13  Nauru
14  Northern Mariana Islands (US)
15  Palau 2.2 (2015)
16  San Marino 1.3 (2012)
17  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) (Dutch part) 2.0 (2011)
18  St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1 (2002)
19  Turks and Caicos Islands
20  Tuvalu
21   Vatican City
22  Western Sahara

Note:

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking by Governmental organizations 

2018 List by the CIA – CIA World Factbook
Rank Country Fertility rate
2018 estimate
(births/woman)
1  Niger 6.35
2  Angola 6.09
3  Burundi 5.93
4  Chad 5.90
5  Mali 5.90
6  Somalia 5.70
7  Uganda 5.62
8  Zambia 5.58
9  Malawi 5.43
10  South Sudan 5.34
11  Afghanistan 5.02
12  Mozambique 5.02
13  Liberia 5.00
14  Guinea 4.98
15  Ethiopia 4.91
16  Nigeria 4.85
17  Sudan 4.85
18  Guinea-Bissau 4.81
19  Burkina Faso 4.77
20  Tanzania 4.71
21  Sierra Leone 4.69
22  Benin 4.67
23  Timor-Leste 4.67
24  Cameroon 4.58
25  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 4.54
26  Togo 4.32
27  Equatorial Guinea 4.29
28  Congo, Republic of the 4.26
29  Central African Republic 4.25
30  Senegal 4.20
31  Sao Tome and Principe 4.11
32  Gaza Strip (Palestinian Territories) 3.97
33  Zimbabwe 3.97
34  Ghana 3.96
35  Madagascar 3.95
36  Iraq 3.94
37  Eritrea 3.90
38  Côte d’Ivoire 3.83
39  Mauritania 3.79
40  Western Sahara 3.79
41  Rwanda 3.75
42  Gabon 3.52
43  Yemen 3.48
44  Gambia, The 3.42
45  Egypt 3.41
46  Comoros 3.21
47  Namibia 3.21
48  West Bank (Palestinian Territories) 3.20
49  Jordan 3.14
50  Solomon Islands 3.09
51  Tonga 3.03
52  Philippines 2.99
53  Marshall Islands 2.98
54  Papua New Guinea 2.97
55  Vanuatu 2.97
56  Tuvalu 2.93
57  Guam (US) 2.92
58  Guatemala 2.87
59  Kenya 2.81
60  Belize 2.80
61  Oman 2.80
62  Nauru 2.76
63  Northern Mariana Islands (US) 2.76
64  Algeria 2.66
65  Haiti 2.66
66  Laos 2.65
67  Samoa 2.64
68  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.63
69  Israel 2.63
70  Honduras 2.61
71  Kyrgyzstan 2.59
72  Lesotho 2.59
73  Tajikistan 2.59
74  Bolivia 2.58
75  American Samoa (US) 2.57
76  Pakistan 2.55
77  Botswana 2.53
78  Malaysia 2.48
79  Cambodia 2.47
80  Syria 2.44
  World 2.42
81  India 2.40
82  Fiji 2.37
83  Micronesia, Federated States of 2.37
84  Kuwait 2.37
85  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 2.34
86  Kiribati 2.34
87  Venezuela 2.30
88  Dominican Republic 2.28
89  Panama 2.28
90  Djibouti 2.27
91  South Africa 2.26
92  Argentina 2.25
93  Kazakhstan 2.22
94  Mexico 2.22
95  Cabo Verde 2.21
96  Tunisia 2.17
97  Cook Islands 2.16
98  Bangladesh 2.15
99  Ecuador 2.15
100  Burma (Myanmar) 2.13
101  Peru 2.10
  Population Replacement 2.10
102  Jamaica 2.09
103  Morocco 2.09
104  Indonesia 2.08
105    Nepal 2.07
106  France 2.06
107  Turkmenistan 2.06
108  United States Virgin Islands (US ) 2.06
109  Sri Lanka 2.05
110  Mongolia 2.04
111  Saudi Arabia 2.04
112  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) (Dutch part) 2.04
113  Curacao (Netherlands) 2.03
114  Dominica 2.03
115  Libya 2.03
116  New Zealand 2.01
117  Grenada 2.00
118  Turkey 2.00
119  Antigua and Barbuda 1.99
120  Iceland 1.99
121  Colombia 1.98
122  Greenland (Denmark) 1.97
123  Guyana 1.97
124  Iran 1.96
125  Ireland 1.96
126  Bahamas, The 1.94
127  Korea, North 1.94
128  Bermuda (UK) 1.92
129  Isle of Man (UK) 1.92
130  New Caledonia (France) 1.92
131  Gibraltar (UK) 1.90
132  Paraguay 1.90
133  Suriname 1.90
134  Azerbaijan 1.89
135  Costa Rica 1.89
136  Qatar 1.89
137  United Kingdom 1.88
138  Bhutan 1.87
139  French Polynesia (France) 1.87
140  Nicaragua 1.87
141  Sweden 1.87
142  Norway 1.85
143  Seychelles 1.85
144  Cayman Islands (UK) 1.84
145  El Salvador 1.84
146  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.83
147  Chile 1.79
148  Uruguay 1.79
149  Vietnam 1.79
150  Belgium 1.78
151  Denmark 1.78
152  Netherlands 1.78
153  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.78
154  Australia 1.77
155  Brunei 1.77
156  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.77
157  Georgia 1.76
158  Finland 1.75
159  Uzbekistan 1.75
160  Anguilla (UK) 1.74
161  Mauritius 1.74
162  Saint Lucia 1.74
163  Bahrain 1.73
164  United Arab Emirates 1.73
165  Lebanon 1.72
166  Maldives 1.72
167  Wallis and Futuna (France) 1.72
168  Cuba 1.71
169  Palau 1.70
170  Trinidad and Tobago 1.70
171  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 1.70
172  Liechtenstein 1.69
173  Barbados 1.68
174  Jersey (UK) 1.66
175  Brazil 1.65
176  Armenia 1.64
177  Luxembourg 1.62
 European Union 1.62
178  Russia 1.61
179  Canada 1.60
180  China, People’s Republic of 1.6
181  Estonia 1.60
182  Lithuania 1.60
183  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 1.59
184  Slovenia 1.58
185  Guernsey (UK) 1.57
186  Moldova 1.57
187  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 1.57
188   Switzerland 1.56
189  Ukraine 1.55
190  Monaco 1.54
191  Albania 1.52
192  Latvia 1.52
193  Thailand 1.52
194  San Marino 1.51
195  Spain 1.50
196  Belarus 1.49
197  North Macedonia 1.49
198  Austria 1.48
199  Malta 1.48
200  Bulgaria 1.47
201  Cyprus 1.47
202  Czechia /  Czech Republic 1.46
203  Germany 1.46
204  Hungary 1.45
205  Italy 1.45
206  Greece 1.44
207  Serbia 1.44
208  Japan 1.42
209  Slovakia /  Slovak Republic 1.42
210  Andorra 1.41
211  Croatia 1.41
212  Portugal 1.39
213  Poland 1.36
214  Romania 1.36
215  Montserrat (UK) 1.34
216  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.31
217  British Virgin Islands (UK) 1.30
218  Korea, South 1.27
219  Puerto Rico (US) 1.21
220  Hong Kong (China) 1.20
221  Taiwan 1.13
222  Macau (China) 0.95
223  Singapore 0.84
  Not Ranked (no data or data from other years)
1  Christmas Island (Australia)
2  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)
3  Falkland Islands / Islas Malvinas (UK)
4  French Guiana (France)
5  Kosovo
6  Montenegro
7  Niue
8  Norfolk Island (Australia)
9  Pitcairn Islands (UK)
10  Saint Martin (France) (French part)
11  Svalbard (Norway)
12  Tokelau (New Zealand)
13  United States 1.87 (2017)
14   Vatican City
2019 List by the INED – Institut National d’Études Démographiques
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2019
(births/woman
1  Niger 6.8
2  Somalia 6.0
3  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 5.8
4  Mali 5.8
5  Chad 5.6
6  Angola 5.4
7  Burundi 5.3
8  Nigeria 5.3
9  Gambia, The 5.2
10  Burkina Faso 5.1
11  Benin 4.8
12  Mozambique 4.8
13  Tanzania 4.8
14  Uganda 4.8
15  Central African Republic 4.6
16  Côte d’Ivoire 4.6
17  Guinea 4.6
18  Senegal 4.6
19  South Sudan 4.6
20  Zambia 4.6
21  Cameroon 4.5
22  Mauritania 4.5
23  Congo, Republic of the 4.4
24  Equatorial Guinea 4.4
25  Guinea-Bissau 4.4
26  Afghanistan 4.3
27  Sao Tome and Principe 4.3
28  Sudan 4.3
29  Togo 4.3
30  Liberia 4.2
31  Sierra Leone 4.2
32  Comoros 4.1
33  Ethiopia 4.1
34  Malawi 4.1
35  Marshall Islands 4.1
36  Eritrea 4.0
37  Madagascar 4.0
38  Rwanda 4.0
39  Gabon 3.9
40  Solomon Islands 3.9
41  Timor-Leste 3.9
42  Ghana 3.8
43  Samoa 3.8
44  Vanuatu 3.7
45  Yemen 3.7
46  Iraq 3.6
47  Mayotte (France) 3.6
48  Palestinian Territory (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 3.6
49  Tajikistan 3.6
50  Kiribati 3.5
51  Pakistan 3.5
52  Papua New Guinea 3.5
53  Tonga 3.5
54  Zimbabwe 3.5
55  Kenya 3.4
56  Egypt 3.3
57  French Guiana (France) 3.3
58  Namibia 3.3
59  Lesotho 3.1
60  Algeria 3.0
61  Israel 3.0
62  Kyrgyzstan 3.0
63  Micronesia, Federated States of 3.0
64  Eswatini (Swaziland) 3.0
65  Haiti 2.9
66  Mongolia 2.9
67  Botswana 2.8
68  Fiji 2.8
69  Guatemala 2.8
70  Oman 2.8
71  Syria 2.8
72  Bolivia 2.7
73  Djibouti 2.7
74  Jordan 2.7
75  Kazakhstan 2.7
76  Turkmenistan 2.7
77  Laos 2.6
78  Cambodia 2.5
79  Philippines 2.5
80  Ecuador 2.4
81  Guyana 2.4
82  Honduras 2.4
83  Morocco 2.4
84  Nicaragua 2.4
85  Panama 2.4
86  Paraguay 2.4
87  Seychelles 2.4
88  South Africa 2.4
89  Suriname 2.4
90  Uzbekistan 2.4
91  Western Sahara 2.4
  World 2.4
92  Belize 2.3
93  Dominican Republic 2.3
94  Guam (US) 2.3
95  Indonesia 2.3
96  Saudi Arabia 2.3
97  Venezuela 2.3
98  Argentina 2.2
99  Cabo Verde 2.2
100  India 2.2
101  Libya 2.2
102  Peru 2.2
103  Reunion (France) 2.2
104  Sri Lanka 2.2
105  Tunisia 2.2
106  Azerbaijan 2.1
107  Georgia 2.1
108  Guadeloupe (France) 2.1
109  Iran 2.1
110  Kuwait 2.1
111  Lebanon 2.1
112  Mexico 2.1
113  Myanmar (Burma) 2.1
114  Turkey 2.1
115  Viet Nam 2.1
  Population Replacement 2.1
116  Antigua and Barbuda 2.0
117  Bahrain 2.0
118  Bangladesh 2.0
119  Bhutan 2.0
120  El Salvador 2.0
121  Grenada 2.0
122  Jamaica 2.0
123  Malaysia 2.0
124  Uruguay 2.0
125  United States Virgin Islands (US) 2.0
126  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.9
127  French Polynesia (France) 1.9
128  Korea, North 1.9
129  Martinique (France) 1.9
130  Monaco 1.9
131    Nepal 1.9
132  New Caledonia (France) 1.9
133  New Zealand 1.9
134  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.9
135  Armenia 1.8
136  Australia 1.8
137  Brunei 1.8
138  Colombia 1.8
139  Denmark 1.8
140  Dominica 1.8
141  France (Metropolitan France) 1.8
142  Ireland 1.8
143  Maldives 1.8
144  Qatar 1.8
145  Russia 1.8
146  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.8
147  Sweden 1.8
148  United States 1.8
149  Bahamas 1.7
150  Belarus 1.7
151  Belgium 1.7
152  Brazil 1.7
153  China (mainland only) 1.6
154  Costa Rica 1.7
155  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.7
156  Czechia /  Czech Republic 1.7
157  Iceland 1.7
158  Kosovo 1.7
159  Latvia 1.7
160  Lithuania 1.7
161  Montenegro 1.7
162  Norway 1.7
163  Trinidad and Tobago 1.7
164  United Kingdom 1.7
165  Albania 1.6
166  Barbados 1.6
167  Bulgaria 1.6
168  Chile 1.6
169  Cuba 1.6
170  Estonia 1.6
171  Germany 1.6
172  Romania 1.6
173  Slovenia 1.6
174  Austria 1.5
175  Canada 1.5
176  Cyprus 1.3
177  Finland 1.5
178  Hungary 1.5
179  Malta 1.5
180  North Macedonia 1.5
181  Slovakia /  Slovak Republic 1.5
182   Switzerland 1.5
183  Thailand 1.5
184  Croatia 1.4
185  Hong Kong (China) 1.4
186  Japan 1.4
187  Liechtenstein 1.4
188  Luxembourg 1.4
189  Mauritius 1.4
190  Netherlands 1.4
191  Poland 1.4
192  Saint Lucia 1.4
193  Serbia 1.4
194  Ukraine 1.4
195  United Arab Emirates 1.4
196  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3
197  Greece 1.3
198  Italy 1.3
199  Moldova 1.3
200  Portugal 1.3
201  San Marino 1.3
202  Spain 1.3
203  China, Republic of (Taiwan) 1.2
204  Macau (China) 1.2
205  Puerto Rico (US) 1.2
206  Singapore 1.2
207  Korea, South 1.1
208  Andorra 1.0
  World
1 World 2.4
  Continents
1 Africa 4.4
2 Oceania 2.3
3 Asia 2.1
4 Americas 1.9
5 Europe 1.6
  Major Regions
1 Middle Africa 5.4
2 Western Africa 5.1
3 Eastern Africa 4.3
4 Northern Africa 3.2
5 Central Asia 2.7
6 Western Asia 2.6
7 Southern Africa 2.5
8 Oceania 2.3
9 South Asia 2.3
10 Caribbean 2.2
11 Central America 2.2
12 Southeast Asia 2.2
13 South America 1.9
14 East Asia 1.7
15 Eastern Europe 1.7
16 Northern America 1.7
17 Northern Europe 1.7
18 Western Europe 1.7
19 Southern Europe 1.3
  Not Ranked
1 Channel Islands –  Guernsey (UK) and  Jersey (UK)
2  Christmas Island (Australia)
3  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)
4  European Union
5  Falkland Islands (UK)
6  Faroe Islands (Denmark)
7  Nauru
8  Niue
9  Norfolk Island (Australia)
10  Palau
11  Pitcairn Islands (UK)
12  Svalbard (Norway)
13  Tokelau (New Zealand)
14  Tuvalu
15   Vatican City

Note:

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking by Nongovernmental organizations 

2019 List by the PRB – Population Reference Bureau
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2019
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.0
2  Mali 6.3
3  Angola 6.2
4  Somalia 6.2
5  Chad 6.0
6  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 6.0
7  Benin 5.7
8  Burundi 5.5
9  Burkina Faso 5.3
10  Gambia, The 5.3
11  Nigeria 5.3
12  Uganda 5.1
13  Tanzania 5.0
14  Guinea-Bissau 4.9
15  Mozambique 4.9
16  Cameroon 4.8
17  Central African Republic 4.8
18  Guinea 4.8
19  Mayotte (France) 4.8
20  South Sudan 4.8
21  Zambia 4.7
22  Afghanistan 4.6
23  Côte d’Ivoire 4.6
24  Equatorial Guinea 4.6
25  Madagascar 4.6
26  Mauritania 4.6
27  Senegal 4.6
28  Congo, Republic of the 4.5
29  Sudan 4.5
30  Ethiopia 4.4
31  Togo 4.4
32  Comoros 4.3
33  Papua New Guinea 4.3
34  Samoa 4.3
35  Liberia 4.2
36  Malawi 4.2
37  Timor-Leste 4.2
38  Eritrea 4.1
39  Rwanda 4.1
40  Sierra Leone 4.1
41  Solomon Islands 4.1
42  Ghana 3.9
43  Yemen 3.9
44  Marshall Islands 3.8
45  Nauru 3.7
46  Palestinian Territory (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 3.7
47  Vanuatu 3.7
48  Zimbabwe 3.7
49  French Guiana (France) 3.6
50  Gabon 3.6
51  Iraq 3.6
52  Kenya 3.6
53  Kiribati 3.6
54  Pakistan 3.6
55  Tuvalu 3.6
56  Tajikistan 3.5
57  Tonga 3.5
58  Namibia 3.4
59  Sao Tome and Principe 3.4
60  Egypt 3.3
61  Kyrgyzstan 3.3
62  Lesotho 3.2
63  Micronesia, Federated States of 3.2
64  Algeria 3.1
65  Israel 3.1
66  Guam (US) 3.0
67  Haiti 3.0
68  Kazakhstan 3.0
69  Mongolia 2.9
70  Oman 2.9
71  Syria 2.9
72  Bolivia 2.8
73  Djibouti 2.8
74  Turkmenistan 2.8
75  Guatemala 2.7
76  Jordan 2.7
77  Laos 2.7
78  Philippines 2.7
79  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.7
80  Botswana 2.6
81  Cambodia 2.5
82  Ecuador 2.5
83  Guyana 2.5
84  Honduras 2.5
85  Paraguay 2.5
86  Reunion (France) 2.5
87  Seychelles 2.5
88  Fiji 2.4
89  Nicaragua 2.4
90  Panama 2.4
91  Suriname 2.4
92  Uzbekistan 2.4
93  Western Sahara 2.4
  World 2.4
94  Argentina 2.3
95  Belize 2.3
96  Cabo Verde 2.3
97  Dominican Republic 2.3
98  El Salvador 2.3
99  Indonesia 2.3
100  New Caledonia (France) 2.3
101  Peru 2.3
102  South Africa 2.3
103  Venezuela 2.3
104  India 2.2
105  Kuwait 2.2
106  Libya 2.2
107  Morocco 2.2
108  Myanmar (Burma) 2.2
109  Bangladesh 2.1
110  Georgia 2.1
111  Grenada 2.1
112  Iran 2.1
113  Jamaica 2.1
114  Lebanon 2.1
115  Maldives 2.1
116  Mexico 2.1
117  Saudi Arabia 2.1
118  Sri Lanka 2.1
119  Tunisia 2.1
  Population Replacement 2.1
120  Bahrain 2.0
121  Colombia 2.0
122  French Polynesia (France) 2.0
123  Guadeloupe (France) 2.0
124    Nepal 2.0
125  Palau 2.0
126  Turkey 2.0
127  Uruguay 2.0
128  Viet Nam 2.0
129  Antigua and Barbuda 1.9
130  Brunei 1.9
131  Korea, North 1.9
132  Malaysia 1.9
133  Martinique (France) 1.9
134  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.9
135  Albania 1.8
136  Azerbaijan 1.8
137  Bahamas 1.8
138  Dominica 1.8
139  France 1.8
140  Ireland 1.8
141  Montenegro 1.8
142  Qatar 1.8
143  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.8
144  Sweden 1.8
145  Australia 1.7
146  Bhutan 1.7
147  Brazil 1.7
148  Chile 1.7
149  Costa Rica 1.7
150  Cuba 1.7
151  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.7
152  Czechia /  Czech Republic 1.7
153  Denmark 1.7
154  Estonia 1.7
155  Iceland 1.7
156  New Zealand 1.7
157  United Kingdom 1.7
158  United States 1.7
159  Armenia 1.6
160  Barbados 1.6
161  Belarus 1.6
162  Belgium 1.6
163  Bulgaria 1.6
164  China (mainland only) 1.6
165  Germany 1.6
166  Kosovo 1.6
167  Latvia 1.6
168  Lithuania 1.6
169  Netherlands 1.6
170  Norway 1.6
171  Russia 1.6
172  Slovenia 1.6
173  Trinidad and Tobago 1.6
174  Austria 1.5
175  Canada 1.5
176  Cyprus 1.5
177  Hungary 1.5
178  Poland 1.5
179  Saint Lucia 1.5
180  Serbia 1.5
181  Slovakia /  Slovak Republic 1.5
182   Switzerland 1.5
183  Thailand 1.5
 European Union 1.5
184  Croatia 1.4
185  Finland 1.4
186  Greece 1.4
187  Japan 1.4
188  Liechtenstein 1.4
189  Luxembourg 1.4
190  Mauritius 1.4
191  North Macedonia 1.4
192  Portugal 1.4
193  Ukraine 1.4
194  United Arab Emirates 1.4
195  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3
196 Channel Islands –  Guernsey (UK) and  Jersey (UK) 1.3
197  Italy 1.3
198  Malta 1.3
199  Romania 1.3
200  San Marino 1.3
201  Spain 1.3
202  Moldova 1.2
203  China, Republic of (Taiwan) 1.1
204  Hong Kong (China) 1.1
205  Puerto Rico (US) 1.1
206  Singapore 1.1
207  Andorra 1.0
208  Korea, South 1.0
209  Macau (China) 0.9
  World
1 World 2.4
  Continents
1 Africa 4.5
2 Oceania 2.4
3 Asia (excluding China) 2.3
3 Asia 2.1
4 Americas 1.9
5 Europe 1.5
  Major Regions
1 Middle Africa 5.7
2 Western Africa 5.2
3 Sub-Saharan Africa 4.8
4 Eastern Africa 4.5
5 Northern Africa 3.2
6 Central Asia 2.8
7 Western Asia 2.6
8 Oceania 2.4
9 Southern Africa 2.4
10 South Asia 2.3
11 Caribbean 2.2
12 Central America 2.2
13 Southeast Asia 2.2
14 Latin America and the Caribbean 2.0
15 South America 2.0
16 Northern America 1.7
17 Northern Europe 1.7
18 Western Europe 1.7
19 East Asia 1.5
20 Eastern Europe 1.5
21 Southern Europe 1.3
  Development Level
1 Least Developed 4.1
2 Less Developed (excluding China) 2.8
3 Less Developed 2.5
4 More Developed 1.6
  Income
1 Low Income 4.6
2 Middle Income 2.3
2.1 – Lower Middle Income 2.7
2.2 – Upper Middle Income 1.8
3 High Income 1.6
  Not Ranked
1  Christmas Island (Australia)
2  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)
3  Falkland Islands (UK)
4  Faroe Islands (Denmark)
5  Monaco
6  Niue
7  Norfolk Island (Australia)
8  Pitcairn Islands (UK)
9  Svalbard (Norway)
10  Tokelau (New Zealand)
11   Vatican City
2019 List by the OWID – Our World In Data
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2019
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.07
2  Somalia 5.98
3  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 5.82
4  Mali 5.79
5  Chad 5.65
6  Angola 5.48
7  Burundi 5.45
8  Nigeria 5.32
9  Uganda 5.32
10  Gambia, The 5.22
11  Burkina Faso 5.11
12  Mozambique 5.05
13  Tanzania 4.83
14  Zambia 4.81
15  Benin 4.77
16  Cote d’Ivoire 4.72
17  Central African Republic 4.65
18  Guinea 4.62
19  South Sudan 4.62
20  Senegal 4.55
21  Equatorial Guinea 4.43
22  Afghanistan 4.18
23  Cameroon 4.51
24  Mauritania 4.49
25  Congo, Republic of the 4.48
26  Guinea-Bissau 4.41
27  Liberia 4.38
28  Malawi 4.38
29  Sudan 4.35
30  Sao Tome and Principe 4.27
31  Sierra Leone 4.17
32  Togo 4.26
33  Iraq 4.19
34  Comoros 4.14
35  Madagascar 4.02
36  Eritrea 3.92
37  Ethiopia 3.86
38  Samoa 3.83
39  Ghana 3.81
40  Solomon Islands 3.69
41  Yemen 3.69
42  Kenya 3.68
43  Rwanda 3.67
44  Gabon 3.59
45  Kiribati 3.53
46  Zimbabwe 3.53
47  Papua New Guinea 3.52
48  Tonga 3.52
49  Pakistan 3.29
50  Namibia 3.24
51  Tajikistan 3.22
52  French Guiana (France) 3.21
53  Jordan 3.18
54  Vanuatu 3.17
55  Egypt 3.10
56  Lesotho 2.95
57  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.94
58  Israel 2.89
59  Kyrgyzstan 2.86
60  Philippines 2.84
61  Guatemala 2.82
62  Bolivia 2.77
63  Haiti 2.77
64  Syria 2.77
65  Turkmenistan 2.74
66  Djibouti 2.67
67  Mongolia 2.63
68  Botswana 2.60
69  Algeria 2.59
70  Kazakhstan 2.54
71  Laos 2.54
72  Oman 2.46
73  Cambodia 2.47
74  Saudi Arabia 2.42
75  Belize 2.41
76  Fiji 2.45
77  Guyana 2.44
78  Panama 2.43
79  Ecuador 2.41
80  Paraguay 2.40
  World 2.40
81  Morocco 2.38
82  South Africa 2.38
83  Honduras 2.35
84  Dominican Republic 2.34
85  Peru 2.31
86  Suriname 2.30
87  Indonesia 2.29
88  Cabo Verde 2.24
89  India 2.26
90  Argentina 2.25
91  Venezuela 2.25
92  Seychelles 2.23
93  Uzbekistan 2.21
94  Libya 2.16
95  Myanmar (Burma) 2.15
96  Nicaragua 2.12
97  Tunisia 2.12
98  New Caledonia (France) 2.11
  Population Replacement 2.10
99  Mexico 2.09
100  Grenada 2.04
101  Antigua and Barbuda 2.02
102  Azerbaijan 2.02
103  Bangladesh 2.02
104  El Salvador 2.02
105    Nepal 2.02
106  Sri Lanka 2.01
107  Turkey 2.00
108  Ireland 1.98
109  Malaysia 1.98
110  Maldives 1.98
111  France 1.97
112  Georgia 1.97
113  Jamaica 1.97
114  Bahrain 1.96
115  Bhutan 1.96
116  New Zealand 1.96
117  Uruguay 1.96
118  Kuwait 1.94
119  Vietnam 1.94
120  Iceland 1.91
121  Sweden 1.91
122  United States 1.90
123  Korea, North 1.88
124  St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.87
125  United Kingdom 1.87
126  Qatar 1.85
127  Brunei 1.84
128  Norway 1.83
129  Australia 1.82
130  Barbados 1.80
131  Belgium 1.80
132  Colombia 1.80
133  Finland 1.78
134  Denmark 1.77
135  Russia 1.77
136  Chile 1.75
137  Netherlands 1.75
138  Bahamas, The 1.74
139  Costa Rica 1.74
140  Belarus 1.72
141  Cuba 1.72
142  Trinidad and Tobago 1.72
143  Albania 1.70
144  Lebanon 1.70
145  United Arab Emirates 1.70
146  Brazil 1.69
147  Lithuania 1.68
148  Estonia 1.67
149  Montenegro 1.65
150  Slovenia 1.65
151  China 1.6
152  Serbia 1.63
153  Luxembourg 1.61
154  Bulgaria 1.60
155  Armenia 1.59
156  Czech Republic /  Czechia 1.59
157  Iran 1.59
158  Latvia 1.59
159  Ukraine 1.58
160  Canada 1.56
161  Macedonia 1.56
162   Switzerland 1.56
163  Romania 1.55
164  Austria 1.53
165  Italy 1.51
166  Japan 1.50
167  Malta 1.49
168  Germany 1.48
169  Puerto Rico (US) 1.46
170  Croatia 1.44
171  Thailand 1.44
172  St. Lucia 1.43
173  Mauritius 1.42
174  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.41
175  Hungary 1.41
176  Spain 1.41
177  Korea, South 1.35
178  Cyprus 1.33
179  Greece 1.30
180  Poland 1.29
181  Singapore 1.27
182  Portugal 1.24
183  Moldova 1.23
  World
World 2.40
  Not Ranked
1  American Samoa (US)
2  Andorra
3  Aruba (Netherlands)
4  Bermuda (UK)
5  Cayman Islands (UK)
6 Channel Islands –  Guernsey (UK) and  Jersey (UK)
7  Curaçao (Netherlands)
8  Dominica
9  Faroe Islands (Denmark)
10  French Polynesia (France)
11  Greenland (Denmark)
12  Guadeloupe (France)
13  Guam (US)
14  Hong Kong (China)
15  Isle of Man (UK)
16  Kosovo
17  Liechtenstein
18  Macau (China)
19  Marshall Islands
20  Mayotte (France)
21  Micronesia, Federated States of
22  Monaco
23  Northern Mariana Islands (US)
24  Palau
25  Palestinian territories (Gaza Strip and West Bank)
26  San Marino
27  Saint Martin (France) (French part)
28  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) (Dutch part)
29  Slovak Republic /  Slovakia
30  St. Kitts and Nevis
31  Timor-Leste
32  Turks and Caicos Islands UK)
33  Tuvalu
34  United States Virgin Islands (US)
35   Vatican City

Note:

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Source

List of sovereign states and dependent territories by birth rate

Crude birth rate refers to the number of births over a given period divided by the person-years lived by the population over that period.

It is expressed as number of births per 1,000 population.

List of countries by life expectancy

List of countries by median age

Median age is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups – that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population.

Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger to 40 or more in several European countries, Canada and Japan. The median age for women tends to be much greater than that of men in some of the ex-Soviet republics, while in the Global South the difference is far smaller or is reversed.

Countries

CIA World Factbook 2018 est.
Country/Territory Rank Average
(Years)
Male
(Years)
Female
(Years)
 Niger 230 15.4 15.3 15.5
 Uganda 229 15.8 15.7 15.9
 Mali 228 15.8 15.1 16.4
 Angola 214 15.9 15.4 16.3
 Malawi 227 16.5 16.4 16.7
 Zambia 226 16.8 16.6 16.9
 Burundi 224 17.0 16.8 17.3
State of Palestine Gaza Strip 225 17.2 16.8 17.5
 Mozambique 222 17.2 16.6 17.8
 South Sudan 223 17.3 17.2 17.5
 Burkina Faso 221 17.3 17.1 17.4
 Tanzania 220 17.7 17.5 18.0
 Liberia 212 17.8 17.5 18.0
 Chad 219 17.8 16.8 18.8
 Ethiopia 218 17.9 17.7 18.1
 Somalia 217 18.1 18.3 17.9
 Benin 216 18.2 17.9 18.6
 Sao Tome and Principe 215 18.4 18.0 18.8
 Nigeria 213 18.4 28.3 18.5
 Cameroon 210 18.5 18.4 18.7
 Gabon 209 18.6 18.4 18.8
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 211 18.6 18.3 18.8
 Senegal 207 18.8 18.0 19.7
 Guinea 205 18.9 18.7 19.1
 East Timor 206 18.9 18.3 19.6
 Afghanistan 208 18.9 18.8 18.9
 Sierra Leone 204 19.0 18.4 19.6
 Rwanda 203 19.0 18.3 19.8
 Yemen 202 19.5 19.3 19.6
 Madagascar 200 19.7 19.5 19.9
 Kenya 199 19.7 19.6 19.9
 Eritrea 201 19.7 19.2 20.1
 Republic of the Congo 193 19.7 19.5 19.8
 Central African Republic 195 19.7 19.4 20.0
 Togo 194 19.8 19.5 20.1
 Equatorial Guinea 197 19.8 19.3 20.3
 Sudan 198 19.9 19.7 20.1
 Comoros 196 19.9 19.2 20.5
 Zimbabwe 189 20.0 19.6 20.4
 Iraq 192 20.0 19.8 20.3
 Guinea-Bissau 191 20.1 19.7 20.6
 Mauritania 190 20.5 19.5 21.4
 Cote d’Ivoire 187 20.9 21.0 20.9
 The Gambia 188 21.0 20.7 21.3
 Western Sahara 183 21.1 20.9 21.3
West Bank West Bank 186 21.1 20.9 21.3
 Ghana 184 21.1 20.6 21.6
 Namibia 185 21.2 20.4 21.9
 Eswatini (Swaziland) 182 21.7 21.5 21.9
 Vanuatu 181 22.0 21.6 22.4
 Guatemala 180 22.1 21.4 22.8
 Solomon Islands 179 22.5 22.3 22.8
 Jordan 178 22.5 22.9 22.0
 Belize 177 22.7 22.5 22.9
 Marshall Islands 173 22.9 22.8 23.0
 Tonga 176 23.0 22.5 23.4
 Laos 172 23.0 22.7 23.3
 Honduras 175 23.0 22.6 23.3
 Haiti 174 23.0 22.7 23.2
 Papua New Guinea 171 23.1 23.2 23.1
 Philippines 169 23.5 23.1 24.0
 Pakistan 168 23.8 23.7 23.8
 Egypt 165 23.9 23.6 24.2
 Djibouti 167 23.9 22.1 25.3
   Nepal 166 24.1 22.8 25.3
 Lesotho 163 24.2 24.2 24.2
 Syria 161 24.3 23.9 24.8
 Bolivia 162 24.3 23.6 25.0
 Samoa 164 24.4 24.1 24.6
 Tajikistan 160 24.5 23.9 25.1
 Botswana 170 24.5 23.5 25.6
 Kiribati 159 24.6 23.8 25.5
 Federated States of Micronesia 158 25.1 24.4 25.8
 Cambodia 157 25.3 24.6 26.0
 Cabo Verde 156 25.4 24.6 26.2
 American Samoa 122 25.5 25.1 26.0
 Oman 153 25.6 26.6 24.2
 Tuvalu 155 25.7 24.7 26.9
 Nicaragua 154 25.7 24.8 26.6
 Jamaica 152 26.0 25.5 26.5
 Guyana 151 26.2 25.9 26.6
 Nauru 150 26.4 27.0 25.7
 Kyrgyzstan 149 26.5 25.4 27.6
 Bangladesh 148 26.7 26.0 27.3
 South Africa 146 27.1 26.9 27.3
 El Salvador 147 27.1 25.6 28.6
 Saudi Arabia 145 27.5 28.2 26.7
 Bhutan 144 27.6 28.2 27.1
 Ecuador 143 27.7 27.0 28.4
 Turkmenistan 142 27.9 27.5 28.4
 Peru 140 28.0 27.2 28.8
 India 141 28.1 27.2 28.6
 Dominican Republic 137 28.1 27.9 28.3
 Algeria 136 28.1 27.8 28.4
 Paraguay 139 28.2 28.0 28.5
 Maldives 138 28.2 28.1 28.3
 Burma 128 28.2 27.4 29.0
 Venezuela 134 28.3 27.6 29.0
 Mongolia 135 28.3 27.5 29.2
 Mexico 133 28.3 27.2 29.4
 Malaysia 131 28.5 28.2 28.8
 Uzbekistan 132 28.6 28.0 29.2
 Libya 130 28.9 29.1 28.7
 Fiji 129 28.9 28.7 29.1
 Guam 111 29.0 28.3 29.7
 Kosovo 127 29.1 28.8 29.5
 Panama 126 29.2 28.8 29.6
 Morocco 125 29.3 28.6 29.9
 Kuwait 124 29.3 30.4 27.4
 Suriname 121 29.8 29.4 30.2
 Israel 119 29.9 29.3 30.6
 Colombia 120 30.0 29.0 31.0
 Indonesia 117 30.2 29.6 30.8
 Brunei 116 30.2 29.7 30.7
 United Arab Emirates 113 30.3 32.1 25.0
 Iran 123 30.3 30.0 30.5
Flag of the United Nations.svgWorld 115 30.4 29.6 31.1
 Vietnam 114 30.5 29.4 31.7
 Lebanon 118 30.5 29.9 31.1
 Kazakhstan 112 30.6 29.3 31.9
 Turkey 110 30.9 30.5 31.4
 Costa Rica 108 31.3 30.8 31.8
 Azerbaijan 107 31.3 29.8 33.0
 Grenada 109 31.5 31.5 31.6
 Tunisia 97 31.6 31.0 32.2
 Argentina 105 31.7 30.5 32.9
 French Polynesia 106 31.9 31.7 32.1
 Antigua and Barbuda 102 31.9 30.0 33.5
 New Caledonia 101 32.0 31.3 32.7
 The Bahamas 100 32.0 30.9 33.2
 Wallis and Futuna 104 32.2 31.3 33.4
 Bahrain 99 32.3 33.8 29.5
 Saint Martin 98 32.5 31.6 33.4
 Brazil 103 32.6 31.1 32.8
 Sri Lanka 96 32.8 31.5 34.0
 Albania 95 32.9 31.6 34.3
 Qatar 90 33.2 34.3 28.1
 Montserrat 94 33.2 32.6 33.7
 Turks and Caicos Islands 92 33.3 33.6 33.0
 Palau 88 33.4 32.7 35.0
 Dominica 89 33.5 33.0 34.0
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 91 33.6 33.8 33.4
 Northern Mariana Islands 93 33.6 32.8 34.4
 Greenland 86 33.9 35.0 32.7
 North Korea 87 34.0 32.5 35.6
 Chile 85 34.4 33.2 35.6
 Singapore 83 34.6 34.5 34.7
 Gibraltar 81 34.7 33.8 35.7
 Saint Lucia 84 34.8 33.7 36.0
 Anguilla 79 34.8 32.9 36.7
 Uruguay 78 35.0 33.1 36.7
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 82 35.0 35.2 34.8
 Armenia 80 35.1 33.3 36.9
 Mauritius 77 35.3 34.2 36.3
 Seychelles 76 35.4 34.9 36.0
 Trinidad and Tobago 75 36.0 35.6 36.6
 Curacao 73 36.1 33.5 39.7
 Iceland 70 36.5 35.9 37.1
 Cook Islands 74 36.5 36.0 37.0
 British Virgin Islands 72 36.5 36.3 36.6
 Moldova 71 36.7 34.9 38.6
 Ireland 69 36.8 36.4 37.1
 Cyprus 68 36.8 35.5 38.3
 China 67 37.4 36.5 38.4
 Faroe Islands 64 37.6 37.1 38.3
 Thailand 66 37.7 36.6 38.7
 North Macedonia 65 37.9 36.8 39.0
 New Zealand 63 37.9 37.1 38.8
 Jersey 62 38.0 36.3 40.7
 United States 61 38.1 36.8 39.4
 Georgia 60 38.1 35.3 40.9
 Barbados 59 38.6 37.5 39.8
 Australia 58 38.7 37.9 39.5
 Norway 57 39.2 38.4 40.0
 Macau 56 39.3 39.5 39.1
 Luxembourg 54 39.3 38.7 39.9
 Aruba 55 39.3 37.5 41.1
 Russia 53 39.6 36.6 42.5
 Cayman Islands 52 40.0 39.3 40.7
 Belarus 51 40.0 37.1 43.1
 United Kingdom 50 40.5 39.3 41.7
 Slovakia 49 40.5 38.8 42.3
 Ukraine 48 40.6 37.4 43.7
 Taiwan 47 40.7 40.0 41.5
 Poland 46 40.7 39.0 42.4
 Montenegro 45 40.7 39.9 41.8
 Virgin Islands 44 41.0 39.9 41.9
 Sint Maarten 43 41.0 39.9 42.0
 Romania 42 41.1 39.7 42.6
 Sweden 41 41.2 40.2 42.2
 France 40 41.4 39.6 43.1
 Belgium 39 41.4 40.2 42.7
 Puerto Rico 38 41.5 39.5 43.2
 Cuba 37 41.5 40.1 42.6
 South Korea 36 41.8 40.2 43.4
 Malta 35 41.8 40.8 43.0
 Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 34 41.9 42.0 41.9
 Czech Republic 33 42.1 40.8 43.4
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 32 42.1 40.5 43.5
 Portugal 31 42.2 40.2 44.4
 Denmark 30 42.2 41.2 43.2
 Canada 29 42.2 40.9 43.5
 Hungary 28 42.3 40.4 44.3
  Switzerland 27 42.4 41.4 43.4
 Finland 26 42.5 40.9 44.3
 Serbia 25 42.6 40.9 44.3
 Netherlands 24 42.6 41.5 43.6
 Spain 23 42.7 41.5 43.9
 Estonia 22 42.7 39.4 46.1
 Bulgaria 21 42.7 40.9 44.7
 EU 20 42.9 41.5 44.3
 Croatia 19 43.0 41.1 45.0
 Liechtenstein 18 43.2 41.7 44.5
 Bermuda 17 43.4 41.5 45.3
 Latvia 16 43.6 39.7 46.9
 Lithuania 15 43.7 39.7 47.1
 Guernsey 14 43.8 42.5 45.1
 Austria 13 44.0 42.8 45.1
 Saint Barthelemy 12 44.1 44.1 44.2
 Isle of Man 11 44.2 43.3 44.9
 Andorra 10 44.3 44.4 44.1
 San Marino 9 44.4 43.3 45.4
 Hong Kong 8 44.4 43.5 45.0
 Slovenia 7 44.5 42.8 46.2
 Greece 6 44.5 43.5 45.6
 Italy 5 45.5 44.4 46.5
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 4 46.5 46.0 47.0
 Germany 3 47.1 46.0 48.2
 Japan 2 47.3 46.0 48.7
 Monaco 1 53.1 51.7 54.5

Source

Net Migration Rate 2017

Both Environment and Genetic Makeup Influence Behavior

Why Immigration Doesn’t Work

White Flight

World Downfall

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