The whitest, eldest, and most forested state.
Maine (/meɪn/ (listen)) is the northernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Maine is the 12th smallest by area, the 9th least populous, and the 13th least densely populated of the 50 U.S. states. It is bordered by New Hampshire to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, and the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Québec to the northeast and northwest, respectively. Maine is the only state to border just one other state, is the easternmost among the contiguous United States, and is the northernmost state east of the Great Lakes.
The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Maine was 1,338,404 on July 1, 2018, a 0.76% increase since the 2010 United States Census. The population density of the state is 41.3 people per square mile, making it the least densely populated state east of the Mississippi River. As of 2010 Maine was also the most rural state in the Union, with only 38.7% of the state’s population living within urban areas. As explained in detail under “Geography”, there are large tracts of uninhabited land in some remote parts of the interior of the state, particularly in the North Maine Woods.
The mean population center of Maine is located in Kennebec County, just east of Augusta. The Greater Portland metropolitan area is the most densely populated with nearly 40% of Maine’s population. This area spans three counties and includes many farms and wooded areas; the 2016 population of Portland proper was 66,937.
Maine has experienced a very slow rate of population growth since the 1990 census; its rate of growth (0.57%) since the 2010 census ranks 45th of the 50 states. The modest population growth in the state has been concentrated in the southern coastal counties; with more diverse populations slowly moving into these areas of the state. However, the northern, more rural areas of the state have experienced a slight decline in population in recent years.
According to the 2010 Census, Maine has the highest percentage of non-Hispanic whites of any state, at 94.4% of the total population. In 2011, 89.0% of all births in the state were to non-Hispanic white parents. The table below shows the racial composition of Maine’s population as of 2016.
|Race||Population (2016 est.)||Percentage|
|Black or African American||16,303||1.2%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||8,013||0.6%|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander||211||0.0%|
|Some other race||3,151||0.2%|
|Two or more races||27,126||2.0%|
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Maine gun laws operate on an “Unrestricted” and “Shall Issue” policy. The later being needed for reciprocity with other states. No permit is required to conceal or open carry a firearm if the carrier is 21 years or older and meets all the criteria set out in the law. Permits are still available for residents who wish to travel out-of-state and non-residents. Applications are handled at the state level by the Maine State Police.
The coast of Maine near Acadia National Park
Bath City Hall
Maine population density map