Flag of Vermont

Vermont (/vərˈmɒnt/ (About this soundlisten)) is a northeastern U.S. state in the New England region. It borders the states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, and New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Vermont is the second-smallest by population and the sixth-smallest by area of the 50 U.S. states. The state capital is Montpelier, the least populous state capital in the United States. The most populous city, Burlington, is the least populous city to be the most populous city in a state. As of 2019, Vermont was the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States. For the period 2016-8, it was ranked as the safest state in the country, regarding crime statistics. 

Official seal of Vermont

Vermont is located in the New England region of the Northeastern United States and comprises 9,614 square miles (24,900 km2), making it the 45th-largest state. It is the only state that does not have any buildings taller than 124 feet (38 m). Land comprises 9,250 square miles (24,000 km2) and water comprises 365 square miles (950 km2), making it the 43rd-largest in land area and the 47th in water area. In total area, it is larger than El Salvador and smaller than Haiti. It is the only landlocked state in New England, and it is the easternmost and the smallest in area of all landlocked states.


Racial/Ethnic Makeup of Vermont treating Hispanics as a Separate Category (2017) 

  White Non-Hispanic (92.79%)
  Black Non-Hispanic (1.24%)
  Native American Non-Hispanic (0.32%)
  Asian Non-Hispanic (1.78%)
  Pacific Islander Non-Hispanic (0.03%)
  Other Non-Hispanic (0.05%)
  Two or more races Non-Hispanic (1.89%)
  Hispanic Any Race (1.91%)

Population changes 

According to the United States Census Bureau, as of July 1, 2019, Vermont had an estimated population of 623,989. This included a natural increase 3,178 (31,716 births minus 28,538 deaths) and a decrease due to net migration of 2,432 people out of the state. In 2006 it had the second lowest birthrate in the nation, 42/1000 women. The center of population of Vermont is located in Washington County, in the town of Warren. 

As of 2014, 51.3% of Vermont’s population was born in the state (compared with 58.7% for the United States). The changing demographics between those with multi-generational ties to the state and those who are newcomers, bringing different values with them, has resulted in a degree of tension between the two perspectives. This tension is expressed in the terms, “Woodchuck”, being applied to those established in the state, and “Flatlander”, applied to the newcomers. Vermont is the least populous New England state. As of 2012, Vermont was one of only two states in the U.S. with fewer people than the District of Columbia—the other was Wyoming. 

From 2010 to 2013, 16 out of Vermont’s 251 towns experienced an increase in population. All towns in Chittenden increased with the exception of Burlington. More than 180 towns experienced a decrease, which hadn’t happened since the mid-19th century. 

Birth data 

Note: Births in table do not add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live births by single race/ethnicity of mother
Race 2013  2014  2015  2016  2017  2018 
White: 5,696 (95.3%) 5,825 (95.0%) 5,554 (94.1%)
Non-Hispanic White 5,597 (93.7%) 5,724 (93.4%) 5,370 (91.0%) 5,208 (90.5%) 5,134 (90.8%) 4,934 (90.8%)
Asian 153 (2.6%) 163 (2.7%) 175 (3.0%) 154 (2.7%) 159 (2.8%) 152 (2.8%)
Black 115 (1.9%) 126 (2.1%) 149 (2.5%) 70 (1.2%) 115 (2.0%) 118 (2.2%)
American Indian 11 (0.2%) 16 (0.3%) 25 (0.4%) 11 (0.2%) 16 (0.3%) 12 (0.2%)
Hispanic (of any race) 92 (1.5%) 92 (1.5%) 139 (2.3%) 136 (2.3%) 123 (2.2%) 121 (2.2%)
Total Vermont 5,975 (100%) 6,130 (100%) 5,903 (100%) 5,756 (100%) 5,655 (100%) 5,432 (100%)
  • Since 2016, data for births of White Hispanic origin are not collected, but included in one Hispanic group; persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Population characteristics 

94.3% of the population identified as white not of Hispanic or Latino origin in a 2013 US Census estimate. As of the 2010 census, Vermont was the second-whitest state in the Union after Maine. 

In 2009, 12.6% of people over 15 were divorced. This was the fifth highest percentage in the nation. As of 2008, the median age of Vermonters was 40.6 and that of the work force was 43.7, compared with the national average of 41.1 years. 

Vermont leads US states with the highest rates of LGBT identification, at 5.3%. Its LGBT population density is second in the US only to the District of Columbia. 

Following national trends for opioid use which has roughly tripled, people seeking treatment for opioid addiction in Vermont have increased from 650 in 2011 to 7,500 in 2016. 

Vermont speech patterns 

Linguists have identified speech patterns found among Vermonters as belonging to Western New England English, a dialect of New England English, which features full pronunciation of all r soundspronouncing horse and hoarse the same, and pronouncing vowels in father and bother the same, none of which are features traditionally shared in neighboring Eastern New England English. Some rural speakers realize the t as a glottal stop (mitten sounds like “mi’in” and Vermont like “Vermon’ “). A dwindling segment of the Vermont population, generally both rural and male—especially in northwestern Vermont, pronounces certain vowels in a distinctive manner (e.g. cows sounds like “cayows,” fight like “foight,” calf like “caaf,” there like “thair,” hand like “hay-nd,” and back like “bah-k”). 

Eastern New England English—also found in New Hampshire, Maine and eastern Massachusetts—was common in eastern Vermont in the mid-twentieth century and before, but has become rare. There the practice of dropping the r sound in words ending in r (farmer sounds like “farm-uh”) and adding an r sound to words ending in a vowel (idea sounds like “idee-er”) was common. Those characteristics in eastern Vermont appear to have been inherited from West Country and Scots-Irish ancestors. 


Religion in Vermont (2014) 
Religion Percent
Eastern Orthodox
Don’t know


Total employment 2016

  • 262,705

Total employer establishments 2016

  • 21,174  

In 2015, Vermont was ranked by Forbes magazine as the 42nd best state in which to do business. It was 32nd in 2007, and 30th in 2006. In 2008 an economist said that the state had “a really stagnant economy, which is what we are forecasting for Vermont for the next 30 years.” In May 2010 Vermont’s 6.2% unemployment rate was the fourth lowest in the nation. This rate reflects the second sharpest decline among the 50 states since the prior May. 

As of 2017, Vermont’s gross regional domestic product (GDP) was $19.3 billion, making it the second smallest among the 50 states. Its per capita GDP was $51,600, ranking it 34th among the states. 

Components of GSP were: 

  • Government – $3 billion (13.4%)
  • Real estate, rental, and leasing – $2.6 billion (11.6%)
  • Durable goods manufacturing – $2.2 billion (9.6%)
  • Health care and social assistance – $2.1 billion (9.4%)
  • Retail trade – $1.9 billion (8.4%)
  • Finance and insurance – $1.3 billion (5.9%)
  • Construction – $1.2 billion (5.5%)
  • Professional and technical services – $1.2 billion (5.5%)
  • Wholesale trade – $1.1 billion (5.1%)
  • Accommodations and food services – ~$1 billion (4.5%)
  • Information – $958 million (4.2%)
  • Non-durable goods manufacturing – $711 million (3.1%)
  • Other services – $563 million (2.4%)
  • Utilities – $553 million (2.4%)
  • Educational services – $478 million (2.1%)
  • Transportation and warehousing – $484 million (2.1%)
  • Administrative and waste services – $436 million (1.9%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting – $375 million (1.6%)
  • Arts, entertainment, and recreation – $194 million (.8%)
  • Mining – $100 million (.4%)
  • Management of companies – $35 million (.2%)

Canada was Vermont’s largest foreign trade partner in 2007. The state’s second-largest foreign trade partner was Taiwan. The state had $4 billion worth of commerce with Quebec. 

One measure of economic activity is retail sales. The state had $5.2 billion in 2007.

In 2008, 8,631 new businesses were registered in Vermont, a decline of 500 from 2007. 

Personal income 

The median household income from 2002 to 2004 was $45,692. This was 15th nationally.The median wage in the state in 2008 was $15.31 hourly or $31,845 annually.

In 2007 about 80% of the 68,000 Vermonters who qualify for food stamps received them.40% of seniors 75 years or older live on annual incomes of $21,660 or less.

In 2011, 15.2% of Vermonters received food stamps. This compares to 14.8% nationally.

In 2011, 91,000 seniors received an annual average of $14,000 from Social Security. This was 59% of the average senior’s income. This contributed $1.7 billion to the state’s economy. 


In 2009, the state attained a high of 361,290 workers. 

As of 2006, there were 305,000 workers in Vermont. Eleven percent of these are unionized. Out of a workforce of 299,200 workers, 52,000 were government jobs, federal, state, and local. 

A modern high unemployment rate of 9% was reached in June 1976. A modern low of 2.4% was measured in February 2000.

As of October 2019, the unemployment rate was 2.2%. 

Source – Wikipedia

All gun sales must be completed through a licensed firearms dealer unless the transfer is to a family member. Buyers under 21 years old must have completed a Vermont hunters course (or equivalent) or be a member or former member of the military, active or veteran member of the National Guard, or law enforcement. Vermont does not require permits to purchase and has no firearms registration.

Both open carry and concealed carry are legal without a permit in Vermont. Any person 16 or older (although federal law requires the age to be 18) who can legally possess a firearm is allowed to carry openly or concealed. There is no distinction between resident or non-resident, both are allowed to carry without a permit in Vermont. Therefore, the state does not issue permits.

Vermont does not have a Castle Doctrine or a “stand your ground” law, but courts have consistently ruled that there is no duty to retreat when attacked in your dwelling. The law in Vermont states, “If a person kills or wounds another under any of the circumstances enumerated below, he or she shall be guiltless: In the just and necessary defense of his or her own life or the life of his or her husband, wife, parent, child, brother, sister, master, mistress, servant, guardian or ward; or In the suppression of a person attempting to commit murder, sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, burglary or robbery, with force or violence.”

Source: US Concealed Carry

Vermont winter landscape

Sugarbush Resort

The hermit thrush, the state bird of Vermont

Fall foliage at Lake Willoughby

The gold leaf dome of the neoclassical Vermont State House (Capitol) in Montpelier

Amtrak station in White River Junction

Vermont towns hold a March town meeting for voters to approve the town’s budget and decide other matters. Marlboro voters meet in this building.

The Lyndon Institute, a high school in Lyndon, Vermont

The University of Vermont Old Mill, the oldest building of the university

Church Street in Burlington—Vermont’s largest city

Burke Mountain from Lyndonville—in the state’s “Northeast Kingdom”

The Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Plant, in Vernon

The hermit thrush is Vermont’s state bird.


The Pine Tree State

About USA


  1. Pingback: About USA | VikingLifeBlog
  2. vhallkrimvost · March 22, 2020

    Reblogged this on Vermont Folk Troth.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Seax · March 22, 2020

    I really like visiting VA. The pastures and fields are gorgeous. And there’s lots of old NE farmhouses. Can’t say much for the towns because I never made it that far. But the country has a rustic feel that NE’s modernised urban centres and nuclei miss.

    I still like Maine’s maple better. But Vermont’s does in a pinch.


    • Viking Life Blog · March 22, 2020

      Sorry to be a “grammar nazi”. According to my memory and fact-check VA is Virginia, VT is Vermont.

      Vermont and Maine seem to both have similar qualities as Sweden with a lot of forest, only few percent farming and a mixture of flatlands and rocky mountains. Not just densely populated flatlands with high percent farming like Denmark and Holland. Germany is densely populated (more than Denmark and less than Holland), but have big forest and rocky mountains. Germany, Austria, Switzerland and even France and Italy have beautiful landscape. It can be great driving around in Europe (and of cause USA).

      I have never tried to drive in USA (myself), at least you drive in the right side, onlike your pounds and miles friends (that is just an accident waiting to happen).

      Liked by 2 people

      • Seax · March 23, 2020

        Jeebus, I’m sorry. My mistake! Fuzzy brain. Freudian slip, was thinking a lot about Virginia today.

        Well, if you should ever drive the US, New England is the best. I’m partial to Maine, of course. Our forests are sublime. But every single State has a great beauty to her. Except New York. Screw that noise. (The outskirts are fine, but the City is a hellscape.)

        Liked by 2 people

    • Viking Life Blog · March 23, 2020

      I believe you, it sounds great.

      Denmark is beautiful, too. But very small and densely populated.
      Denmark has 131 per square kilometer (2012)
      USA has 32.88 per square kilometer (2012)
      Even though Denmark’s square kilometer might be much more useable, it is still a big difference.

      Something interesting they “choose” to over look, imagine how few native people there were when White people settled in USA, New Zealand 17.27 per square kilometer (2012), Canada 3.64 per square kilometer (2012), Australia 3.12 per square kilometer (2012) compared to colored people invading our highly developed and much more densely populated countries.

      Netherlands 407.35 per square kilometer (2012)
      Belgium 370 per square kilometer (2012)
      UK 262 per square kilometer (2012)
      Germany 228 per square kilometer (2012)
      Italy 202 per square kilometer (2012)
      Switzerland 201 per square kilometer (2012)
      France 118 per square kilometer (2012)
      Austria 102 per square kilometer (2012)
      Ireland 65 per square kilometer (2012)
      Sweden 21.7 per square kilometer (2012)
      Finland 16.2 per square kilometer (2012)
      Norway 15.6 per square kilometer (2012)
      Iceland 3.24 per square kilometer (2012)

      Liked by 1 person

      • Seax · March 23, 2020


        In Daneland, are the villages still rustic?


    • Viking Life Blog · March 23, 2020

      Yes, I think so.

      Liked by 1 person

      • Seax · March 23, 2020

        That’d be cool to see.

        Liked by 1 person

      • Viking Life Blog · March 23, 2020

        Usually a village have a nice old church and most noble castles are in country side, too.

        Liked by 1 person

      • Seax · March 23, 2020

        Sweet. Maine has some pretty sweet churches. Catholics and Anglicans made the greatest buildings up until the 70s. Then they started this modernist crap and now the church buildings all look like crab backs.

        Liked by 1 person

      • Viking Life Blog · March 24, 2020

        The same here, the nice buildings are old.
        Yes, I think we have similar taste. It was the old and beautiful buildings I posted pictures of in my Maine post. Like the church in Bangor, Bates College and Bowdoin College of Lewiston and Brunswick, Biddeford City Hall (where the French junkies hangs out) and Bath City Hall


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