Gendarmenmarkt Square in Berlin

The Gendarmenmarkt is a square in Berlin and the site of an architectural ensemble including the Berlin concert hall and the French and German Churches. In the centre of the square stands a monumental statue of poet Friedrich Schiller. The square was created by Johann Arnold Nering at the end of the seventeenth century as the Linden-Markt and reconstructed by Georg Christian Unger in 1773. The Gendarmenmarkt is named after the cuirassier regiment Gens d’Armes, which had stables at the square until 1773.

During World War II, most of the buildings were badly damaged or destroyed. Today all of them have been restored.

Gendarmenmarkt was first built in 1688. It was a marketplace and part of the city’s Western expansion of Friedrichstadt, one of Berlin’s emerging quarters. 

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The Konzerthaus Berlin is a concert hall in Berlin and home of the Konzerthausorchester Berlin. Situated on the Gendarmenmarkt square in the central Mitte district of the city, it was originally built as a theatre. It operated from 1818 to 1821 under the name of the Schauspielhaus Berlin, later as the Theater am Gendarmenmarkt and Komödie. It became a concert hall after the Second World War, and its name changed to its present one in 1994.

Severely damaged by Allied bombing and the Battle of Berlin, the building was rebuilt from 1977 onwards and reopened as the concert hall of the Berliner Sinfonie-Orchester in 1984 with a gala concert. The exterior, including many of the sculptures of composers by Christian Friedrich Tieck and Balthasar Jacob Rathgeber, is a faithful reconstruction of Schinkel’s designs, while the interior was adapted in a Neoclassical style meeting the conditions of the altered use. The great hall is equipped with a notable four-manual pipe organ built by Jehmlich Orgelbau Dresden in 1984. The organ has four manuals and pedal, 74 stops and 5,811 pipes. In 1994 the venue was renamed the “Konzerthaus Berlin”.

Acoustically, the hall was considered to be amongst the five best concert venues in the world for music and/or opera, as of 2004.

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The New Church (GermanNeue Kirche; colloquially GermanDeutscher Dom, meaning “German Cathedral”), is located in Berlin on the Gendarmenmarkt across from French Church of Friedrichstadt (French Cathedral). Its parish comprised the northern part of the then new quarter of Friedrichstadt, which until then belonged to the parish of the congregations of Jerusalem’s Church. The Lutheran and Calvinist (in German Reformed Church) congregants used German as their native language, as opposed to the French-speaking Calvinist congregation of the adjacent French Church of Friedrichstadt. The congregants’ native language combined with the domed tower earned the church its colloquial name Deutscher Dom. The church is not a cathedral in the actual sense of the word, as it was never the seat of a bishop.

After being heavily damaged during the bombing of Berlin in World War II, reconstruction was completed 1988; the church now serves as a museum.

In 1943 the New Church was almost completely destroyed in the bombing of Berlin in World War II and was subsequently rebuilt from 1977 to 1988. Meanwhile, the German government acquired the building and the site. The church building was updated, deconsecrated and reopened in 1996 as the Bundestag‘s museum on German parliamentary history (Milestones – Setbacks – Sidetracks, The Path to Parliamentary Democracy in Germany).

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Catedral Francesa, Berlín, Alemania, 2016-04-22, DD 16-18 HDR.jpg

The French (Reformed) Church of Friedrichstadt (FrenchTemple de la FriedrichstadtGermanFranzösische Friedrichstadtkirche, and commonly known as Französischer Dom, meaning “French Cathedral”) is located in Berlin at the Gendarmenmarkt, across the Konzerthaus and the German Cathedral. The earliest parts of the church date back to 1701, although it was subsequently expanded. After being heavily damaged during World War II, the church was rebuilt and continues to offer church services and concerts.

The Französischer Dom was severely damaged during World War II and rebuilt between 1977 and 1981. Today, it is used by its congregations, and for conventions of the Evangelical Church in Germany.

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Read about WWII here

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  1. Pingback: Schloss Bellevue | VikingLifeBlog

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