Burg Hohnstein

Burg Hohnstein in der Sächsischen Schweiz.jpg

Hohnstein Castle (GermanBurg Hohnstein) is a medieval castle in the village of the same name, Hohnstein in Saxon Switzerland in the Free State of Sachsen in East Germany.

20060305265DR Hohnstein Burg Hohnstein.jpg

Location

The castle is located on a hard sandstone slab, 140 metres above the Polenz valley and is the major landmark of the small town.

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Hohnstein Castle was probably built around 1200 or earlier as a Bohemian border fortress for the Margravate of Meißen to defend it against Saxony. In 1353 the castle went into the possession of the Bohemian nobleman, Hynek Berka z Dubé, whose coat of arms with crossed oak branches decorates the entranceway to the second courtyard. In 1443 the Berkas of Dubá lost the estate through exchanges and purchase, only mentioned for the first time under their name, to the Electorate of Saxony under Frederick the Humble, although it remained a Bohemian fief until 1806. The Wettins used it as a base for hunting and for salmon spearing (Lachsstechen).

In the succeeding centuries the castle acted alternately as a seat of administration (electoral Amt), a court and a prison. The original wooden structures were gradually replaced during the 17th and 18th centuries by the present stone buildings and even successfully withstood a Swedish siege in 1639.

After the dissolution of the Amt in 1861 the castle served as a men’s correctional institute (Männerkorrektionsanstalt) and from 1919 as a juvenile prison.

In 1925 the mighty castle became a youth hostel (Jugendburg) and was one of the largest and most attractive youth hostels in Germany (with about 1,000 bedspaces). The Hohnsteiner Kasper puppet theatre is named after the town and castle and put on its first performance in 1928 in the castle. In the years 1933/34 a concentration camp was established here for so-called protective custody prisoners (Schutzhäftlinge), in practice 5,600 political prisoners. During World War II a prisoner of war camp was housed in the castle and, after the war it was a refuge for displaced persons. From 1949 it was extended to become the largest youth hostel in the GDR; at the end of the SED rule an internment camp for 890 political opponents was planned. In 1953 the National Science Museum for GeologyBotanyZoology and Ecology of the countryside was established here. In 1997 the castle was turned into a Friends of Nature house and youth guest house, to which the museum belongs today.

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Access to the castle is only possible from the market square (Marktplatz) in Hohnstein. Of the once numerous castles east of the Elbe in Saxon Switzerland, Hohnstein is the only one that has survived intact.

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Source: Wikipedia

Coat of arms of Free State of Saxony

Castles in Saxony

Schloss Moritzburg

Schloss Hartenfels

Schloss Colditz

Albrechtsburg

Festung Königstein

Jagdschloss Augustusburg

Burg Mildenstein

Burg Stein

Burg Kriebstein

Schloss Wolfsbrunn

Schloss Dresden

Schloss Albrechtsberg (Dresden)

Dresden Rathaus

Dresden – Frauenkirche

Albertinum

Bundeswehr Military History Museum

Leipzig Neues Rathaus

Monument to the Battle of the Nations in Leipzig, Germany

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