Danes in the Luftwaffe

Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-662-6659-37, Flugzeug Messerschmitt Me 109.jpg

At least 9 Danish pilots served in the Luftwaffe during the war. Four of them were killed, including three during combat operations. Some of the Danish pilots were veterans of the Finnish wars against the Soviet Union between 1939 and 1941. These wars cost the lives of five Danish pilots. When the Finnish army repatriated the foreign volunteers in the summer of 1941, part of these were transferred to the German Luftwaffe in August/September 1941, the Danish veterans were transferred to Flugzeugführerschule A/B 120 in Prenzlau in Uckermark. At first glance, the Luftwaffe would not use the Danish pilots. The pilots were invited to apply to the newly created Free Corps Denmark instead. However, a personal visit to the Ministry of Aviation in Berlin prompted the Germans to change their minds. Outside the regulations, the eight Danish pilots were admitted to the Luftwaffe.

Danes in the Luftwaffe

Alf Aggerbøl

Born 24 September 1917.
Lieutenant in the Danish Army’s air troopers.
Volunteered for the Finnish Air Force during the Finnish Continuation War.

Uffe Børge Darr

Born 11 September 1919 in Silkeborg.
He had moved with his parents from Germany to Denmark in 1910. When he married Danish he replaced his German citizenship with a Danish one. In 1940, he volunteered for the Luftwaffe. The fact that he can even qualify for the Luftwaffe is due to his former German citizenship. Normally, Danish pilots were not readily admitted to the Luftwaffe.
After joining the Luftwaffe, he first came to Flugzeugführerschule A/B 11 in Schönwalde and later on 4 December 1941 to flugzeugführerschule C 16 in Burg, where he was trained as a bomb and transport pilot. After graduation, he became an instructor, although he repeatedly sought transfer to combat air units.

In 1943, his application was approved and transferred to the combat aircraft. On November 11, 1943, he was sent to the front as an active fighter pilot in the 4th Staffel in Jagdgeschwader 11 in Vörden and Plantlünne, where three weeks later he was killed in battle at Dollendorf in his Bf 109G-6 ‘white 3’, Wk. 20467 on 1 December 1943. He is buried in the Catholic Cemetery at Schleiden.

Wolfgang Rudolf Fabian

Born 10 June 1914 in Åbenrå.
Lieutenant in the Danish Marines Air Force, from where he was repatriated on 30 June 1940.
Volunteered for the Finnish Air Force during the Finnish Continuation War.
Began training at Flugzeugführerschule A/B 120 in Prenzlau on 8 September 1941. Then came first to Jadgfliegerschule 4 in Fürth-Herzogenaurach and later to Blindflugschule 4 in Kastrup near Copenhagen. After graduation he came to Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Ost near Krakow, Poland. Later, he came to 9. Staffel in Jagdgeschwader 51. During the effort, he was awarded the Second Class Iron Cross.

Killed by Russian anti-aircraft gunmen at Rzhev in Russia in his Bf 109F-2 ‘yellow 6’, Wk. 12601 on August 21, 1942.

Anker Tage Harild

Born 24 October 1905 in Copenhagen.
Joined DNSAP on July 31, 1941.
As captain of the infantry, he was not affiliated with the Danish military air forces, but had a private pilot’s license.
Tried to volunteer for the Finnish Winter War, but was prevented by his regimental commander. He did not come to Finland, but later volunteered for service in the Luftwaffe.
Began training at Flugzeugführerschule A/B 120 in Prenzlau on 15 October 1941. Came after graduation in the Luftwaffe for 9. Staffel in Kampfgeschwader 1 “Hindenburg”, where he flew Ju88. During the effort, he was shot down in battle, but managed to parachute himself and was rescued. He retired from the Luftwaffe in March 1945.
After the war, he was sentenced to six years in prison for his participation in the german war.

Knud Erik Ravnskov

Born 29 October 1911 in Sundby.
Captain in the Danish Army’s air troop, where he had made a career through the 1930s and proved himself as a skilled pilot. Member of DNSAP on October 29, 1941.
Began training at Flugzeugführerschule A/B 120 in Prenzlau on 14 August 1941. Come to Jagdfliegerschule 5 on 16 October 1941. Transferred to 1. Easel at Jagdfliegerschule 5 at Villa Coublay, France, on 24 November 1941. On 13 January 1942 transferred to Jagdfliegerschule 1 at Werneuchen. Later he was on a short transition at Blindflugschule 4 in Kastrup near Copenhagen. After graduation, he came to the 1st. Staffel in Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Ost near Krakow, Poland, to which he arrived on 2 May 1942. Here he was badly injured during an emergency landing in his Bf 109F-1 ‘white 18’, Wk. 6609 on 17 September 1942. He died of his injuries on September 18, 1942 at 10:03 a.m.

Poul Sommer

Born 13 October 1910.
Captain in the Danish Marines air force, where he was assigned from 1935 to 1939 and again in 1940.
Volunteered for the Finnish Air Force during the Finnish Continuation War.
After joining the Luftwaffe in the Jagdfliegerschule 1 in Werneuchen, from where, after graduation in the fall of 1942, he will become the first IV group in Jagdgeschwader on 27 April 1942. Here he was a short period in May/June 1943 Staffel captain for 10. Easel. He was affiliated with Jagdgeschwader 27 from October 1942 to March 1943. During this period he was listed for 3 air victories. In March 1943 he was transferred to Jagdgeschwader 54, where it is believed that he was again noted 3 air victories.
In the autumn of 1943 Poul Sommer return to Denmark. Here he becomes first commander of the Schalburg Corps and later he got his own guard Corps working for the German Air Force in Denmark (popularly called the Summer Corps). He resigned as boss in October 1944, joined the SS and serves Germanische Leitstelle in Berlin and Copenhagen.
He was decorated with the Iron Cross of both classes. Promoted to Hauptmann on 1 January 1943. Promoted by Heinrich Himmler to SS-Hauptsturmführer der Reserve on 11 January 1945. He was attempted to be killed by the opposition organisation Holger Danske on 13 October 1944, but miraculously escaped with a few minor scratches.
After the war he managed to stay hidden first at Ry and later on an agricultural estate at Randers until his arrest on 20 July 1946. Sentenced to 8 years in prison at Copenhagen City Court on 14 May 1948. Sentenced to 12 years in prison at the Eastern High Court on 6 April 1949, but was pardoned and released in 1950.
Died 1991.

Ove Terp

Born 10 November 1914.
Lieutenant in the Danish Army’s air troopers.
Volunteered for the Finnish Air Force during the Finnish Continuation War.
Began training at Flugzeugführerschule A/B 120 in Prenzlau in August 1941. After graduation he came to Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Ost near Krakow, Poland. In May 1942 sent to Jagdgeschwader 54, where he was badly wounded in battle.
Worked after the war as a technical adviser in the United States. Later came to Germany, where he became a German citizen and joined the Bundesluftwaffe. Here he made a career and retired on 26 March 1979 as Oberstleutnant.

Ejnar Thorup

Born 7 January 1912.
Captain of the Danish Army’s air troopers. Pilot licence No. 187 from 1937.
Veteran of the Finnish Winter War, where he was associated with Finnish LeLv 32. Volunteered for the Finnish Air Force during the Finnish Continuation War. In the period between the two wars, he completed an extended instructor course in Finland from 4 August 1940 to 24 October 1940.
Began training at Flugzeugführerschule A/B 120 in Prenzlau in August 1941. Then came to Jagdfliegerschule 5 at Villa Coublay, France, on 11 September 1941. After graduation he came to Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Ost near Krakow, Poland.

In May 1942 sent to 3. Staffel in Jagdgeschwader, 54, where he was killed during an emergency landing after being hit by enemy fire from the ground at Bol. Obschivalovo in Russia in his Bf 109F-2 ‘yellow 5’, Wk. 9663 on 5 June 1942.

Source: Danskere i Luftwaffe

Peter Horn

Peter Horn was a Danish fighter pilot, who fought in the Luftwaffe during the Second World War.

Horn was born on 15 October 1915. He joined the Danish army and trained as a pilot, graduating as a qualified pilot in 1937 (certificate 214/37). On 9 October 1938 he was made Sekondløjtnant (2nd Lieutenant) and at the outbreak of war, was a Lieutenant in the reserve.

On 8 July 1941 Danish commissioned officers of the armed forces are officially allowed to volunteer for the Freikorps Denmark for service in the Finnish Air Force on the Eastern Front. One of the eight volunteers was Horn. In the summer of 1941 the Finnish Air Force no longer needed foreign volunteers, so the Danes were transferred to the Luftwaffe.

Leutnant Horn remained in Luftwaffe service until the end of the war, as a fighter pilot with 1./JG 51 from 1941 to 1943. He survived the war.

He was credited with 10 or 11 victories during the war, mostly on the Eastern Front. During his Luftwaffe service Horn was decorated with the Iron Cross 1st and 2nd Class.

Source: Military Wikia

Peter Horn (15 October 1915 – 1 November 1983)

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