He is the author of the book De kalder mig terrorist (They call me Terrorist). He claims to have been involved in a 14-year journey from 1982 that involved building schools in Guatemala, agricultural projects in India and attending tiger conferences in Russia.
He is currently the manager of a company which sells houseboats.
Main article: Purulia arms drop case
Around 1995 he was involved in humanitarian work for the people in West Bengal, which at that time was governed by the Communist Party of India. The authorities claim that he was involved in smuggling of weapons. He admits as much himself in his book They Call me A Terrorist, claiming that he made the weapon drop from a plane purchased in Latvia. Apparently his motives were to help the local communities in West Bengal fight the oppression brought on them by their government. A total of 4 tonnes of arms were trafficked during his dealings in West Bengal. Additionally, in 2010 Danish police confiscated two forged and expired passports with British names and the photo of Niels whilst searching his home.
As of 2009 he is considered the second Dane together with Camilla Broe at risk of being extradited to a country outside the European Union where he faces a possible death sentence. Camilla Broe was indicted for the importation of narcotics into the United States and while extradited and delivered to US custody was later returned to Denmark when the statute of limitations barred an expeditious trial.
On 9 April 2010, Danish police arrested him in order to start an extradition trial. Based on experiences from the fiasco in the Camilla Broe case the prosecution will demand detention but will accept a confiscation of his passport(s) if the court feels that the rather lengthy extradition process will prevent him from keeping contact with his family. The extradition agreement between Denmark and India has been changed so he will have to be returned home no later than 3 weeks after a sentence has been given at the expected trial abroad.
On 1 November 2010, The Hillerød Court overturned the Justice Ministry decision to extradite Niels Holck based on the expected inability to protect him against “rough treatment”. On 14 November 2010, the Indian government told that they would try to get him extradited despite the clear ruling of the court.
Terms of the extradition agreement
Based on the experiences made from the Camilla Broe case, the extradition agreement between Denmark and India is improved in order to handle some of the problems experienced in the previous case.
- No execution of a possible death sentence (Unchanged from the previous agreement).
- Favouritised and human treatment of the extradited person while being detained abroad (changed due to the food condition experienced by Camilla Broe in the United States).
- Once convicted the person has to be returned to Denmark in order to serve the sentence no later than 3 weeks (Previously 6 months) after the conviction.
Amnesty International did however criticize the extradition based on lack of trust that countries like India doesn’t have the resources to fulfill their part of such agreements. The United Nations Special Torture Rapporteur was quoted for the statement that the Indian guarantees that the man will not be tortured are worthless.
In April 2010, the news agency Press Trust of India reported that the Danish government has agreed to submit Niels Holck not only to the trial but also to serve out his entire sentence in India.
In September 2010, it was reported that the court system in India is not committed to follow the terms of any extradition agreement due to the ruling in the case against another extradited underworld don Abu Salem who was extradited from Portugal to India. This ruling from the Supreme Court of India can influence the extradition case against Holck because the agreement between Denmark and India mandates that Holck cannot be convicted to death
On 30 June 2010, the High Court of Eastern Denmark ruled that he should not be extradited to India based on the risk of torture by the Indian authorities.
Diplomatic rift between Denmark and India
Main article: Denmark–India relations
On 16 August 2011, India decided to cut connections to Denmark except for diplomatic relations. The Indian authorities were upset over the Danish government’s stance to not appeal the decision of the Eastern Danish High Court in the Supreme court despite a special request from India’s minister of external affairs, S M Krishna, to his Danish counterpart and an assurance from Indian authorities to house Davy in a special jail, if extradited. The Indian government issued a circular directing senior officials to not meet or entertain any Danish diplomat posted in India.
Also, the funding activities of the Danish aid agency (DANIDA) to NGOs and civil liberties groups came under intense monitoring by the authorities in India. This was a consequence of the fact that Denmark would not extradite Holck and statements by the Danish Minister for Development Aid, Christian Friis Bach, that Denmark should “hand out rights instead of food to help people to fight for their own rights through demonstrations, campaigns, litigation or rights of access to public administration”.
Niels Chr. Nielsen, who at the time became known as the ‘barefoot robber’ for fleeing from the police on bare feet after he was arrested for two money transport robberies in Nivå, has in recent years stayed in Denmark despite India’s wanteding of him via Interpol.
His co-conspirator, Briton Peter Bleach, was arrested and convicted of weapons smuggling and spent eight years in prison in Calcutta. The Russian crew of the smugglers’ plane was sentenced to six years in prison.
Progressive utilization theory (PROUT) is a socioeconomic and political theory created by the Indian philosopher and spiritual leader Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar. Sarkar conceived of PROUT in 1959. Supporters of PROUT (Proutists) claim that the theory exposes and overcomes the limitations of both capitalism and communism. It aims to be economically progressive and improve social development. The theory is in line with Sarkar’s Neohumanist values which aim to provide “proper care” to every being on the planet, including humans, animals and plants.
Prout proposes a socioeconomic system as an alternative to communism and capitalism, . Under the system material goods would be common property and distributed in a rational and equitable way to maximize the physical, mental, and spiritual development of all people. The distribution intends to guarantee food, clothing, shelter, education, and medical care (what the theory regards as minimum requirements for humans).
Prout advocates a three-tiered approach to industrial organization. Key industries and public utilities would be nonprofit organizations. Decentralized industry run by sociolinguistic unions would provide people’s minimum necessities. The majority of economic transactions would be through producers’ and consumers’ cooperatives. Incentives for people serving society would be funded via surpluses.
At the political level, Prout rejects nationalism. Instead, there would be locally governed self-sufficient socioeconomic zones and a world government. There would be a world constitution and a bill of rights for animals and plants, as well as humans.
The five aphorisms from Ananda Sutram translate into English as follows:
- There should be no accumulation of wealth without the permission of society.
- There should be maximum utilization and rational distribution of the crude, subtle, and causal resources.
- There should be maximum utilization of the physical, mental, and spiritual potentialities of the individual and collective beings.
- There should be a well-balanced adjustment among the crude, subtle, and causal utilizations.
- Utilizations vary in accordance with time, space, and form; the utilizations should be progressive.
An initial glimpse of these five principles first appeared in Sarkar’s earlier work, Idea and Ideology.
Read more here: Progressive utilization theory – Wikipedia
Ananda Marga was founded by railway worker Shiri Shiri Anandamuri aka Prabhat Sarkar, who died in 1990. The sect is in favour of a totalitarian world empire which, after the revolution, will be led by a group of six members. One of their symbols was the old svastika sign.