University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden

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The University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden (DanishBotanisk have), usually referred to simply as Copenhagen Botanical Garden, is a botanical garden located in the centre of CopenhagenDenmark. It covers an area of 10 hectares and is particularly noted for its extensive complex of historical glasshouses dating from 1874.

The garden is part of the Natural History Museum of Denmark, which is itself part of the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Science. It serves both research, educational and recreational purposes.

The identification code of the University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden as a member of the Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI), as well as the initials of its herbarium is C.

The first garden: Hortus Medicus

The botanical garden was first established in 1600 but it was moved twice before it was ultimately given its current location in 1870. It was probably founded to secure a collection of Danish medicinal plants after the Reformation had seen many convents and their gardens abandoned or demolished.

The current garden

Plan of the new Botanical Garden

The botanical gardens got its current location in 1870. Four years later in 1874 the gardens got its large complex of glasshouses at the initiative of Carlsberg founder J. C. Jacobsen who also funded it. His inspiration was that of the glass building the Crystal Palace that was erected for the Great Exhibition in London in 1851.

In 1977 the gardens, including the greenhouses, became listed by Danish Agency for Culture and Palaces, the Danish conservancy authorities.

Copenhagen Botanical Garden today

Copenhagen Botanical Garden is an informal garden with free admission. There are conservatories, a museum and herbarium, a library (admission by appointment only) a shop plants, seeds and a small selection of garden equipment and eating place.

Collections

The botanical gardens contain more than 13,000 species. The garden is arranged in different sections including: Danish plants (600 species), perennial plants (1,100 species), annual plants (1,100 species), rock gardens with plants from mountainous areas in Central and Southern Europe and Conifer Hill which is planted with coniferous trees. One of the newest inclusions is a rhododendron garden

The garden has many handsome specimen trees. The oldest tree in the gardens is a taxodium from 1806 that was moved along from the old location at an age of 60 years.

Glasshouses

The Gardens have 27 glasshouses. The most notable is the 3000-square metre conservatory complex from 1874. The Palm House at its centre is 16 metres tall and has narrow, cast-iron spiral stairs leading to a passageway at the top. Plants include a palm from 1824 and a fine collection of cycads, some of which are more than 100 years old. A fifty metres long glasshouse house an extensive collection of cacti and other succulents whilst another one houses orchids and begonias. A modern glasshouse is dedicated to caudiciforms. The garden also has a special air-conditioned greenhouse that can re-create environments suitable for Arctic plants.

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The Palm House

Here is the list of some plant species growing at the Palm House:

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Museum and seed bank

The university’s botanical museum and herbarium are housed in a building situated within the garden, giving the garden staff ready access to reference works and more than 2 million dried plant specimens.

Surrounding buildings

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The Faculty of Social Sciences Library seen from the garden

Social Sciences Faculty Library

Located at 140 Gothersgade, the building was designed by Johan Daniel Herholdt and built from 1888 to 1890 as botanical Laboratory. It is a Historicist building inspired by Italian palazzi, a style which Herholt had previously relied on in his now demolished National Bank at Holmens Kanal. The building has housed the faculty library of the Faculty of Social Sciences since 2011.

Institute of Psychology

Institute of Psychology, at 2A Øster Farimagsgade, is based in a building which was built in 1957 to the design of Kai Gottlob for the Institute of Biology at University of Copenhagen.

University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden – Wikipedia

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Today, more than 23,000 different registered plants are grown, spread over a number of open-air sections and greenhouses. The different sections are constructed with soil conditions corresponding to different plant groups.

The outdoor sections shall includes:

Danish quarter with wild Danish plants.
The moraine bed, where plants grow from mountainous areas.
The perennial district with wild perennials.
The stone mounds that are built up against the remains of Østervold’s old fortifications. Here, mountain plants grow in different soil types.
The spruce tray planted with conifers.
East Asian neighborhood with wild plants from China and elsewhere in East Asia.
In addition, there are 27 greenhouses with different plant groups and growing conditions.

Botanisk Have (København) – Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi

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One comment

  1. vᚻællKᚱᛁᛗvosᛏ · July 9, 2021

    Reblogged this on Vermont Folk Troth.

    Liked by 1 person

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