Human feces don’t usually stick around for long—and certainly not for thousands of years. But exceptions to this general rule are found in a few places in the world, including prehistoric salt mines of the Austrian UNESCO World Heritage area Hallstatt-Dachstein/Salzkammergut. Now, researchers who’ve studied ancient fecal samples (or paleofeces) from these mines have uncovered some surprising evidence: the presence of two fungal species used in the production of blue cheese and beer. The findings appear in the journal Current Biology on October 13.
Conscription (sometimes called the draft in the United States) is the mandatory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service. Conscription dates back to antiquity and it continues in some countries to the present day under various names. The modern system of near-universal national conscription for young men dates to the French Revolution in the 1790s, where it became the basis of a very large and powerful military. Most European nations later copied the system in peacetime, so that men at a certain age would serve 1–8 years on active duty and then transfer to the reserve force.
The bulk of the Anglo-Saxon English army, called the fyrd, was composed of part-time English soldiers drawn from the freemen of each county. In the 690s laws of Ine of Wessex, three levels of fines are imposed on different social classes for neglecting military service.
In the decades prior to World War I universal conscription along broadly Prussian lines became the norm for European armies, and those modeled on them. By 1914 the only substantial armies still completely dependent on voluntary enlistment were those of Britain and the United States. Some colonial powers such as France reserved their conscript armies for home service while maintaining professional units for overseas duties.
On March 21, 1939, while hosting French Prime Minister Édouard Daladier, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain discussed a joint front with France, Russia and Poland to act together against German aggression.
Hey guys, news from Austria: Sebastian Kurz, the young, dynamic, smart star of Austrian ‘conservatives’ was forced to step down from his office after several raids of government and party offices and accusations of corruption.
For the past two years I’ve been investigating a story that some of Hitler’s ashes were smuggled out of Berlin in May 1945 by a senior Nazi minister and later buried in Germany, where they remain to this day. It’s a compelling story with some interesting evidence that may substantiate the claim.
Tiger I vs IS-2: How German “Defensive Blitzkrieg” Defeated Russian Tanks At Targu Frumos?FactBytes2.093 visninger20. sep. 2021Battle of Targu Frumos During April and May of 1944, the Soviet 2nd Tank Army tried to break through the German-Romanian lines on the river Pruth in order to gain access to Central Romania with its rich oil fields.
The battle boomed at the beginning of May, when the Soviets were trying to brake through the front in the Targu-Frumos area in Romania and were confronted by the German “Grossdeutschland” Division.
Unlike so many battles in the East in 1944, the Germans were well-prepared to conduct a defense in depth at Targul Frumos and were able to coordinate the actions of dug-in defenders holding key terrain features with counterattacks by mobile forces to conduct what has since been called a “defensive Blitzkrieg.”
In three days of fighting, from 2-4 May 1944, German LVII Panzer Corps,in particular of the Grossdeutschland Division and 24th Panzer Division, defeated the Soviet force and destroyed over 350 Soviet tanks.
Targul Frumos is notable for being the first clash between the famous German Tiger tank and the new Soviet Stalin heavy tank – IS2.