Ancient poop shows people in present-day Austria drank beer and ate blue cheese up to 2,700 years ago

Ancient poop shows people in present-day Austria drank beer and ate blue cheese up to 2,700 years ago
Paleofeces samples from Hallstatt salt mines analyzed in this study. Credit: Eurac Research/Frank Maixner

Human feces don’t usually stick around for long—and certainly not for thousands of years. But exceptions to this general rule are found in a few places in the world, including prehistoric salt mines of the Austrian UNESCO World Heritage area Hallstatt-Dachstein/Salzkammergut. Now, researchers who’ve studied ancient fecal samples (or paleofeces) from these mines have uncovered some surprising evidence: the presence of two fungal species used in the production of blue cheese and beer. The findings appear in the journal Current Biology on October 13.

Read more at Phys

Conscription

Conscription (sometimes called the draft in the United States) is the mandatory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service. Conscription dates back to antiquity and it continues in some countries to the present day under various names. The modern system of near-universal national conscription for young men dates to the French Revolution in the 1790s, where it became the basis of a very large and powerful military. Most European nations later copied the system in peacetime, so that men at a certain age would serve 1–8 years on active duty and then transfer to the reserve force.

In medieval Scandinavia the leiðangr (Old Norse), leidang (Norwegian), leding, (Danish), ledung (Swedish), lichting (Dutch), expeditio (Latin) or sometimes leþing (Old English), was a levy of free farmers conscripted into coastal fleets for seasonal excursions and in defence of the realm.

The bulk of the Anglo-Saxon English army, called the fyrd, was composed of part-time English soldiers drawn from the freemen of each county. In the 690s laws of Ine of Wessex, three levels of fines are imposed on different social classes for neglecting military service.

In the decades prior to World War I universal conscription along broadly Prussian lines became the norm for European armies, and those modeled on them. By 1914 the only substantial armies still completely dependent on voluntary enlistment were those of Britain and the United States. Some colonial powers such as France reserved their conscript armies for home service while maintaining professional units for overseas duties.

Conscription (North-West Europeans):

Australia (Conscription)No (abolished by parliament in 1972)N/A
AustriaYes (alternative service available)
BelgiumNo (abolished as of 1 January 1994 under the so-called Delcroix Bill of 6 July 1993)
CanadaNo (occurred during 1917-1918 and 1944-1945)
Denmark (Conscription)Yes by law, however a great majority of the recruits have been volunteers over the past few years. According to Jyllands Posten, conscription has ended in practice. (alternative service available)Male
FinlandYes (alternative service available)
GermanyNo (suspended for peacetime by federal legislature effective from 1 July 2011)
IrelandNo
LuxembourgNo
Netherlands
(Conscription)
No. Suspended since 1997 (except for Curaçao and Aruba
New ZealandNo (abolished in December 1972)
NorwayYes by law, but in practice people are not forced to serve against their will. Also total objectors have not been punished since 2011, instead they are simply exempted from the service.
South AfricaNo (ended in 1994, formalized in 2002)
SwedenYes (alternative service available)Male and female
SwitzerlandYes (alternative service available)Male
United Kingdom (Conscription)No (abolished December 31, 1960, except Bermuda Regiment)
United States (Conscription)No (abandoned in 1973), but registration is still required among men for various government benefits.

Wikipedia

What if the US stayed neutral in World War 2?

In this alternate history scenario the US is adamant at staying neutral in World war two, and doesn’t want to have anything to do with any warring side.

Binkov’s Battlegrounds

Battlegrounds – a guide to warfare

Did the Soviets win WW2 due to US Support?

Why determining the Impact of Lend-Lease is so complicated

Germany Army: Quality or Quantity? – In 1943-44 Germany spend just 6 % of its resources on tanks dealing with Soviet Union and more than 40 % of its resources on airplanes mostly dealing with USA and UK.

1941 NS Germany vs Soviets ALONE: Who would have won?

Read about WWII here

Sebastian Kurz, the Austrian Chancellor Steps Down

Hey guys, news from Austria: Sebastian Kurz, the young, dynamic, smart star of Austrian ‘conservatives’ was forced to step down from his office after several raids of government and party offices and accusations of corruption.

Red Pill Germany

Posts with Red Pill Germany:

Sounthern European Countries Support their Retirement System with Money from the North

Spain Created a European Database for Uncooperative Citizens

Millenniyule 2020: Red Pill Germany

A Lockdown Stroll through the Bavarian Capital Munich

German Employers Get Nervous About Cost of Social Programs

Sedan Day: The Patriotc Holiday of the German Empire

No Matter What Happens – Germans Have to Pay

Destination: Dresden (Technical University Dresden Campus)

For How Long Do We Still Tolerate Blatant Double Standards for Land Ownership?

China’s Corrupting Effect on Germany Explained

The Big Takeover Has Started in Germany

German Man Imprisoned for Not Paying the Public Broadcasting Fee

Leftist ‘Activists’ are Active Again with the Support of the German Green Party

June 17th, 1953: The Day Germans Revolted Against Communism

Not so Unusual Floods with Novel Side Effects in Western Germany

Black Pill Germany – Prepare for the Worst!

Social Democrats of Germany Say that Rules Only Apply to Serfs, not to Them

Ibiza Affair – The Anti-Whites will do anything to harm us!

About Jörg Haider and the EU sanctions against Austrian democracy

Some Austrian Classrooms Now Consist of 100 Per Cent Migrant Children

Austria: 300% Violent Crime Increase Due to Nonwhite Invasion, Police Admit

StuG III – The German Assault Gun That ‘Killed’ The Most Enemy Tanks In WW2

The Sturmgeschütz III, or Stug 3 assault gun, was the most widely produced German combat vehicle of the Second World War.

Like the Panzer IV, it was the only other German armoured vehicle to be produced continually from 1939 to 1945 with more than 10,000 manufactured.

Initially intended as a mobile assault gun for direct-fire support for infantry, the StuG 3 was continually modified, and was employed as a tank destroyer.

Instead of being used as an assault gun, circumstances demanded that the StuG III be used as a tank destroyer.

By the time the War ended, the Stug III had destroyed an estimated 30,000 Russian tanks – this was not only more any other German combat vehicle, but also more than any Allied tank type.

FactBytes

Sturmgeschütz (StuG) – German Assault Artillery

StuG School October 1943

German Tank Production in World War 2

Read about WWII here

Hitler’s Ashes May Still Exist! Exposing a “Shocking” WW2 Secret

For the past two years I’ve been investigating a story that some of Hitler’s ashes were smuggled out of Berlin in May 1945 by a senior Nazi minister and later buried in Germany, where they remain to this day. It’s a compelling story with some interesting evidence that may substantiate the claim.

Mark Felton Productions

Who will tell the Führer?

Führer’s directives

Hitler’s Alligator – The Last German Prisoner of War in Russia

Lance-Corporal Hitler – WW1 Trench Runner

Hitler’s Revolution

Hitler, Austria and the Anschluss

Hitler Acclaimed in the Saar Region, After Vote to Return to Germany

Hitler watching German soldiers march into Poland in September 1939

Hitler attends a Wehrmacht victory parade in Warsaw on 5 October 1939

Hitler  Paris – WW2 – 1940

Hitler in Paris

About Hitlers Family

The Myth of Hitler’s “Jewish Grandfather”

Hitler’s Valkyrie: How Britain’s Unity Mitford met with the Führer 140 Times

A Startling New Look at Hitler and His Place in History

Did Hitler Want War?

Adolf Hitler: Speech at Heroes Remembrance Day in Berlin (16 March 1941)

The Bunker Boys – Hitler’s Child Soldiers, Berlin 1945

Hitler’s Iron Maidens – Women Awarded the Iron Cross in Combat

Generals blaming Hitler

Did Hitler delay Kursk because of Tigers & Panthers?

Shooting Hitler – The Swiss Assassin

The Day The Soviets Nearly Captured Hitler

Blutfahne – The Mystery of the Blood Flag

Hitler’s Lost Secret Documents

The Only Secret Recording of Hitler’s Normal Voice | The Hitler-Mannerheim Recording

Read about WWII here

Tiger I vs IS-2: How German “Defensive Blitzkrieg” Defeated Russian Tanks At Targu Frumos?

Tiger I vs IS-2: How German “Defensive Blitzkrieg” Defeated Russian Tanks At Targu Frumos?FactBytes2.093 visninger20. sep. 2021Battle of Targu Frumos During April and May of 1944, the Soviet 2nd Tank Army tried to break through the German-Romanian lines on the river Pruth in order to gain access to Central Romania with its rich oil fields.

The battle boomed at the beginning of May, when the Soviets were trying to brake through the front in the Targu-Frumos area in Romania and were confronted by the German “Grossdeutschland” Division.

Unlike so many battles in the East in 1944, the Germans were well-prepared to conduct a defense in depth at Targul Frumos and were able to coordinate the actions of dug-in defenders holding key terrain features with counterattacks by mobile forces to conduct what has since been called a “defensive Blitzkrieg.”

In three days of fighting, from 2-4 May 1944, German LVII Panzer Corps,in particular of the Grossdeutschland Division and 24th Panzer Division, defeated the Soviet force and destroyed over 350 Soviet tanks.

Targul Frumos is notable for being the first clash between the famous German Tiger tank and the new Soviet Stalin heavy tank – IS2.

FactBytes

The Great Tiger We All Know And Love

Hans Ulrich Rudel

Read about WWII here