Conscription (sometimes called the draft in the United States) is the mandatory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service. Conscription dates back to antiquity and it continues in some countries to the present day under various names. The modern system of near-universal national conscription for young men dates to the French Revolution in the 1790s, where it became the basis of a very large and powerful military. Most European nations later copied the system in peacetime, so that men at a certain age would serve 1–8 years on active duty and then transfer to the reserve force.
The bulk of the Anglo-Saxon English army, called the fyrd, was composed of part-time English soldiers drawn from the freemen of each county. In the 690s laws of Ine of Wessex, three levels of fines are imposed on different social classes for neglecting military service.
In the decades prior to World War I universal conscription along broadly Prussian lines became the norm for European armies, and those modeled on them. By 1914 the only substantial armies still completely dependent on voluntary enlistment were those of Britain and the United States. Some colonial powers such as France reserved their conscript armies for home service while maintaining professional units for overseas duties.
In the early part of the [nineteenth] century, a fragment of a statue, redely chiselled from dark gray stone, was found in the town of Bradford, on the Merrimac. Its origin must be left entirely to conjecture. The fact that the ancient Northmen visited the northeast coast of North America and probably New England, some centuries before the discovery of the western world by Columbus, is now very generally admitted.
Norway’s Institute Of Public Health has decided to treat COVID-19 like other common respiratory illness because the epidemiological evidence confirms that it is no longer any more dangerous or life-threatening than the common cold or seasonal flu:
The pro-White views and arguments and views are mostly ignored, in favor of attacking and dismissing the supposed conspiracy theory claims and/or attacking and dismissing the supposed genocide claims. While some pro-White supporters may make such claims, others do not. Even if they do, the claims are often misrepresented in politically correct source.
Assuming that there is absolutely no conspiracy and absolutely no genocide, then there is still the demographic changes and their consequences.
Conspiracy vs. similar group behavior
It is possible for a large group of people to behave similarly without being involved in a conspiracy. For example, people from a particular ethnicity often tend to support policies seen as beneficial for the ethnicity. Thus, the absence of a conspiracy does not necessarily mean the absence of generally similar behavior by the members of a similar group, such as by the members of particular ethnicities or by the members of groups such as employers benefiting from increased employee wage competition.
The term demographic genocide is sometimes used to describe the demographic consequences. While mass migration, race mixing, and population replacement may not cause a genocide in the sense of murdering a group, genocide has been described as a more general concept: “Generally speaking, genocide… is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves. The objectives of such a plan would be the disintegration of the political and social institutions, of culture, language, national feelings, religion, and the economic existence of national groups, and the destruction of the personal security, liberty, health, dignity, and even the lives of the individuals belonging to such groups… Genocide has two phases: one, destruction of the national pattern of the oppressed group [called: denationalization]; the other, the imposition of the national pattern of the oppressor.“
One of many politically correct double standards is that politically correct sources have often condemned mass immigration and negative demographic changes when they happen, or may happen, to non-Whites, such as regarding Kurds in Syria, Muslims and Tibetans in China, and various “noble savage” groups.
Another example is Israel, with Jewish demographic concerns regarding the Palestinians becoming the majority in the future not being dismissed as a “Jewish genocide conspiracy theory”.
White flight is a term for the migration of European peoples away from areas with non-European populations. It can refer to migration both inside a country and between countries.
Even in “integrated schools”, the different races self-segregate. “If a school has only a few minority students they have no choice but to mix with the majority. “When you get larger minority populations, they reach a size where you can have a viable single-race community,” explained James Moody of Ohio State University, who studies school integration. “At that point, students find enough friends within their own race and don’t tend to make cross-racial friendships.”“
A 2006 study found that the greater the education of White parents, the more likely they will remove their children from public schools as the percentage of Black students increases. More-educated Whites also lived in more White neighborhoods than less-educated Whites.
“At one time, “magnet schools” were supposed to solve the problem of white flight. The plan was to make urban public schools so attractive they would lure back whites who had fled to the suburbs. This policy has been an almost uniform failure, and Kansas City, Missouri, is only the most striking failure. A federal judge took over the school district in 1985, and imposed taxes to pay for the most grandiose public schools in America. Over the next 12 years, the city spent nearly $2 billion. Kansas City got 15 new schools with such things as an Olympic-sized swimming pool with an underwater viewing room, television and animation studios, a model United Nations with simultaneous interpreting equipment, a robotics lab, a planetarium, a mock court room with jury deliberation rooms, and field trips to Mexico and Senegal. A former Soviet Olympic fencing coach was recruited for a high school team. There was a $900,000 television campaign to alert whites to the remarkable new improvements. If white students were not on a bus route, the city sent taxis. It didn’t work. By 1997, when Kansas City finally gave up, it had the most extravagant schools in the country, but the percentage of white students was lower than ever and blacks’ scores had not budged.“
More generally, contrary to popular belief, spending per pupil is actually higher for Black students than it is for White students.
Dysgenics refers to a genetic deterioration of a population or populations and the study of such processes.
It may occur both through internal factors (such as the more intelligent in a population having lower fertility) and/or external factors (such as race mixing with another population with lower intelligence).
A large number of studies on average IQ have stated declining average genotypic IQ in developed countries. Until recently, this has been argued to be concealed regarding average phenotypic (measured) IQ by the environmentally caused Flynn effect. Recent studies and literature reviews have instead stated declining average phenotypic (measured) IQ in several developed countries with, for example, a study on France stating that the measured average IQ declined by 3.8 points during the 1999–2008/9 time period.
Several IQ researchers have expressed very pessimistic views regarding the future of Western civilization due to dysgenic trends.
Dysgenic effects in modern societies
During the mid-nineteenth century, several scientists, including Charles Darwin, began to worry about and find empirical evidence for that the genetic quality of Western nations was deteriorating. The earlier natural selection had changed, such as by improved public health and reduced infant and childhood mortality, meaning that more of the less achieving members of society reproduced successfully. Furthermore, the most able members of society tended to have few children. One proposed cause for this was marrying late, due to the demands of a career. Another explanation was that many successful men married wealthy heiresses, who become heiresses by coming from families with genetically low fertility, as shown by having no male children who could inherit. A more plausible and general explanation may be the more efficient use of contraception by the successful, due to factors such as higher intelligence and more restraint, farsightedness and the capacity to delay gratification. Such arguments and supporting research became increasingly widespread and contributed to the rise of the eugenics movement.
After World War II, research and public discussion on dysgenics and eugenics increasingly became rejected and taboo subjects. Another trend after WWII is the mass immigration to Western countries of people from races with different genetics and often an argued lower average genetic intelligence.
It has also been argued that mass killings and class warfare, such as during the French Revolution and during Communist rule, had a dysgenic effect through the killing of the more intelligent by the less intelligent. Another argument is that especially modern warfare may have had a dysgenic effect, due to the healthy selectively being drafted and killed, while preserving the unfit at home. Also earlier wars, such as the fratricidal civil wars in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, have been argued to have had a dysgenic effect. However, such effects may have been limited to particular regions during particular periods.
Richard Lynn has argued that warfare in less advanced societies likely was “eugenic”. Part of the reason why the Renaissance and the Enlightenment occurred when they did may have been due to intense warfare a few generations earlier. In very modern societes, warfare was argued to likely be dysgenic. However, regarding WWII, for which there is some empirical data, the numbers killed did not appear to have been sufficient to have adversely impacted the British gene pool.
The concerns regarding dysgnics have mainly been regarding three areas: deteriorating genetic health, deteriorating genetic personality (“moral character”), and deteriorating genetic intelligence.
Those worried about dysgenics have considered traits such as self-discipline, work motivation, energy, ambition, and strong moral sense, that are argued to contribute greatly to a person’s achievements, but in modern populations are argued to contribute less to reproductive success than previously. A modern term for many of these traits is conscientiousness.
Conscientiousness has a high heritability.
Richard Lynn in a 1995 study of a sample of British criminal convicts found that they had an average fertility of 3.91 children. The general population had an average fertility of 2.1.
A 2009 study argued that for many countries, the effect of fertility on genotypic IQ is currently overshadowed by much larger effects, due to selective mass migration of groups with varying average IQs.
The Saxons had conquered England from the Romano-British in the fifth and sixth centuries, effectively eliminating them as a factor in language, religion and government, leaving behind only the semi-mythical stories of King Arthur to commemorate the long and bitter struggle. The Saxons in their turn fell victim to the Vikings in the ninth and tenth centuries, but with less dire results; when Danes and Norwegians overran most of the British Isles, they only forced the Saxons, Scots and Irish to pay tribute.
The most important Viking physical presence was in eastern and central England, in the Danelaw, where they gave new vigour to the economy, especially to the town of York. Saxon resistance to the Vikings in the west led to a union of the petty kingdoms under King Alfred (871–99), who hired the first English mercenaries, Frisian sailors who had their own reasons for disliking Danes and liking regular pay; later kings hired professional guards called housecarls. Eventually all Saxons accepted Danish sovereignty as long as the king remained far away. King Canute (1016–35) is remembered more for his self-deprecating wisdom than his empire stretching all the way to Estonia.
The heart of western democracies is the assembly, the parliament. Its Germanic origin is the thing, also called ting, ding or þing in other Germanic languages. Today, national assemblies in Scandinavian countries still refer to this ancient tradition. For example, the parliament of Åland (Sweden) is called Lagting, of Faroe Løgting, of Greenland Landsting, of Iceland Alþingi, and of Norway Storting. The oldest written documentation of the thing is produced by a bunch of Frisian mercenaries in the Roman Army, fighting in Britannia. This was in the third century, almost 2,000 years ago. So, the Germanic assemblies can boast of an old and successful tradition. The thing is, however, that today’s criticism on the effectiveness of these assemblies in representative consensus-building is still growing.